Nan Chao

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nan Chao

 

a state in China that existed on the territory of present-day Yünnan Province from the seventh to the 13th century. In the eighth century it was temporarily a nominal vassal of the T’ang empire. During the eighth and ninth centuries it grew stronger and conducted several successful wars against the T’ang empire and its southwestern neighbors, expanding its territory by annexing their land. In 859 the ruler of Nan Chao took the title of emperor, and the state was renamed Tali. The state was destroyed in the 13th century by Mongol conquerers, who annexed the area to the Yüan empire.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Their topics include noise along the network: a set of Chinese Ming embroidered thangkas in the Indian Himalayas, nation founder and universal savior: Guanyin and Buddhist networks in the Nanzhao and Dali kingdoms, the transmission of the Buddhadharma from India to China: an examination of Kumarajiva's transliteration of the Dharanus of the Saddharmapundarikasutra, how the dharma ended up in the Eastern Country: Korean monks in the Chinese Buddhist imaginaire during the Tang and early Song, the rebirth legend of Prince Shotoku: Buddhist networks in ninth-century China and Japan, and bodily care identity in the Buddhist monastic life of ancient India and China: an advancing purity threshold.
He wrote, "The people we have come to think of as the Burmese had been in Yunnan, under the control of the Nanzhao kingdom, and moved down into Burma beginning in the middle of the ninth century." (See p.
NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] to the north and the Nanzhao Kingdom [TEXT
The figure of Khun Bulom was accordingly reimagined as the ruler of Nanzhao, purported as a Lao kingdom, and the Chinese were cast as the main antagonists to the Lao race in a Darwinian struggle for the survival of the fittest.
The third section (on today's Yunnan region) describes how the independent Nanzhao Kingdom became enamored with China's brilliant "soft culture" but still sought to undermine Tang military power in the region by conniving with both the steppe nomads to the north and with the rising power of Tibet.
In the Tang Dynasty (AD 518-906), the central government recruited many soldiers to fight a long war against the Nanzhao Kingdom made up of many ethnic and linguistic groups in Yunnan.
Fumagong ("Lord Fuma", also known as the Emperor's son-in-law) was powerful and eligible to assume the throne because he was a hunter from a backward land draped in animal skins with an absurdly ugly face that was almost not human, and one who dared to elope with a pretty princess.37 Actually, the legend contains many textual sources that span the last 12 centuries, especially some sources that justify the historic expansion of the Nanzhao Kingdom (652-899) from Weishan to Dali with mention of how the first king was married to the daughter of the White King of Dali.
Backus notes that a number of the Man peoples were conquered by the Nanzhao after 794, and that the term "Man" was often used imprecisely in the Tang, sometimes referring to the Nanzhao, and sometimes referring more generally to border peoples to the south and southwest (pp.
This breed is also found in other Yuxi mountain regions such as Xichuang, Xixia, Nanzhao and Zhenping County and the region northwards of the Funiu Mountains.
After reviewing the literature we identify seven important factors that affect elearning, including teaching materials (Rogers,2001), tutorial support (Ashton & Shuldham, 1994; Heidari & Galvin, 2003; Liddell et al.,2002), environment (Zhou Nanzhao, 2003), assessment techniques (Stiggins, 2001), collaboration with peers (or groups) (Crook,1996), mutual communication (Fenton & O'Leary, 1990), and teaching styles (Worrell & Kuterbach, 2001).
The Miaomin and Jingman of the early Zhou period and the Nanzhao kingdom of the Tang dynasty probably all belonged to this group" ("ci zu gudai ceng zhanju Zhongguo benbu, hou wei Han minzhu jianci qugan.