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Napata(nəpā`tə, –pä`–), ancient city of NubiaNubia
, ancient state of NE Africa. At the height of its political power Nubia extended, from north to south, from the First Cataract of the Nile (near Aswan, Egypt) to Khartoum, in Sudan. It early came under the influence of the pharaohs, and in the 20th cent. B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. , just below the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
..... Click the link for more information. . From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of CushCush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
..... Click the link for more information. . Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by TaharkaTaharka
, d. 663 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, last ruler of the XXV dynasty; son of Piankhi. Before he was king, he led the Egyptians against Sennacherib, who disastrously defeated him. Seizing (688 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.530 B.C.) to MeroëMeroë
, ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced Napata as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see Cush) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent.
..... Click the link for more information. .
an ancient city in the Sudan, between the Third and Fourth cataracts of the Nile River; the capital of Cush, approximately from the eighth century to the first half of the sixth century B.C. It was first mentioned in the 15th century B.C. The Temple of Amon, the most venerated temple in the country, was located in Napata. Nearby, in Nuri and Kuru, were the royal necropolises. After the capital was transferred to Meroe, Napata remained the religious center of the country. The city was destroyed by the Romans in 24 B.C. In the first quarter of the 20th century the American archaeologist G. Reisner conducted excavations in Napata.
REFERENCESKatsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroe—tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
Reisner, G. A. “Excavations at Napata, the Capital of Ethiopia.” Museum of Fine Arts Bulletin, 1917, vol. 15, no. 89. [17–706–1 ]