Napata


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Napata

(nəpā`tə, –pä`–), ancient city of NubiaNubia
, ancient state of NE Africa. At the height of its political power Nubia extended, from north to south, from the First Cataract of the Nile (near Aswan, Egypt) to Khartoum, in Sudan. It early came under the influence of the pharaohs, and in the 20th cent. B.C.
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, just below the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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. From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of CushCush
or Kush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
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. Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by TaharkaTaharka
or Tirhakah
, d. 663 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, last ruler of the XXV dynasty; son of Piankhi. Before he was king, he led the Egyptians against Sennacherib, who disastrously defeated him. Seizing (688 B.C.
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 (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.530 B.C.) to MeroëMeroë
, ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced Napata as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see Cush) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent.
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.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Napata

 

an ancient city in the Sudan, between the Third and Fourth cataracts of the Nile River; the capital of Cush, approximately from the eighth century to the first half of the sixth century B.C. It was first mentioned in the 15th century B.C. The Temple of Amon, the most venerated temple in the country, was located in Napata. Nearby, in Nuri and Kuru, were the royal necropolises. After the capital was transferred to Meroe, Napata remained the religious center of the country. The city was destroyed by the Romans in 24 B.C. In the first quarter of the 20th century the American archaeologist G. Reisner conducted excavations in Napata.

REFERENCES

Katsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroe—tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
Reisner, G. A. “Excavations at Napata, the Capital of Ethiopia.” Museum of Fine Arts Bulletin, 1917, vol. 15, no. 89. [17–706–1 ]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They served as tombs for the kings and queens of Napata and MeroE1/2.
Adams explains this 'seeming anomaly' as follows: since there has been little or no Kushite settlement north of the 3rd cataract since the last millennium BC, the Kushite power centre had shifted from Napata to Meroe.
Like the interstices that existed between the ancient city-states of Meroe and Napata, the Third Space, unoccupied until an encounter, remains unused, unengaged, and pregnant with possibilities that cannot be realized until humans meet to converse, struggle, or love.
Reisner at Napata, which revealed the greatness of the Ethiopian civilization and King Tirkaqua, who was mentioned in the book of Isaiah.
George Reisner, que ao longo dos 18 anos em que trabalhou na Nubia conseguiu estudar e escavar os sitios de Kerma, Napata, Meroe e Nuri.
The burial of monarchs there, rather than in the city of Napata to the north, is thought to have been a significant development in the kingdom's politics, as it represented a break with the priests, who were based in Napata; Above: the Boma Plateau rises above the Nile's floodplain in the southeast, bordering Ethiopia.