Napata


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Napata

(nəpā`tə, –pä`–), ancient city of NubiaNubia
, ancient state of NE Africa. At the height of its political power Nubia extended, from north to south, from the First Cataract of the Nile (near Aswan, Egypt) to Khartoum, in Sudan. It early came under the influence of the pharaohs, and in the 20th cent. B.C.
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, just below the Fourth Cataract of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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. From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of CushCush
or Kush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
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. Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by TaharkaTaharka
or Tirhakah
, d. 663 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, last ruler of the XXV dynasty; son of Piankhi. Before he was king, he led the Egyptians against Sennacherib, who disastrously defeated him. Seizing (688 B.C.
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 (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.530 B.C.) to MeroëMeroë
, ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced Napata as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see Cush) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent.
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.

Napata

 

an ancient city in the Sudan, between the Third and Fourth cataracts of the Nile River; the capital of Cush, approximately from the eighth century to the first half of the sixth century B.C. It was first mentioned in the 15th century B.C. The Temple of Amon, the most venerated temple in the country, was located in Napata. Nearby, in Nuri and Kuru, were the royal necropolises. After the capital was transferred to Meroe, Napata remained the religious center of the country. The city was destroyed by the Romans in 24 B.C. In the first quarter of the 20th century the American archaeologist G. Reisner conducted excavations in Napata.

REFERENCES

Katsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroe—tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
Reisner, G. A. “Excavations at Napata, the Capital of Ethiopia.” Museum of Fine Arts Bulletin, 1917, vol. 15, no. 89. [17–706–1 ]
References in periodicals archive ?
They served as tombs for the kings and queens of Napata and MeroE1/2.
Los escasos ejemplos de destruccion total de ciudades importantes se relacionan con la necesidad de eliminar de raiz determinadas bases para razias, como la ciudad real etiope de Napata, desde la que se habian lanzado incursiones contra Elefantina.
Adams explains this 'seeming anomaly' as follows: since there has been little or no Kushite settlement north of the 3rd cataract since the last millennium BC, the Kushite power centre had shifted from Napata to Meroe.
Like the interstices that existed between the ancient city-states of Meroe and Napata, the Third Space, unoccupied until an encounter, remains unused, unengaged, and pregnant with possibilities that cannot be realized until humans meet to converse, struggle, or love.
Assim, a expressao original seria "filho do ceu", o que lembraria os rigvedicos divo napata 'filhos do ceu', ou seja, os Asvin, os dois cavaleiros que aparecem de repente, brilhando na noite, para livrar marinheiros ou viajantes de situacoes dificeis e que correspondem aos [TEXTO IRREPRODUCIBLE EN ASCII], os filhos de Zeus Castor e Polux -os Dioscuros-, cuja esfera de acao e bastante proxima da dupla divina vedica.
Para el Egipto antiguo, desde un punto de vista historico, el difusionismo no habla de una influencia egipcia directa, sino mediatizada por las culturas africanas a su vez "egiptizadas" (Nubia, Napata, Meroe) concebidas como las verdaderas difusoras.
A partir de 1977, una mision arqueologica suiza de la universidad de Ginebra, dirigida por Charles Bonnet y actualmente por Matthieu Honnegger, de la universidad de Neuchatel (Honnegger 2001), ha llevado a cabo sin interrupcion amplias excavaciones en la ciudad y sus alrededores, sacando a la luz impresionantes restos (templos, sala circular de audiencias, grandes necropolis, etc.) de esa cultura, ademas de otros anteriores prehistoricos y mas recientes de epoca Napata (primer milenio a.C.), como las esculturas de faraones que han justificado la construccion de un museo de arqueologia en la ciudad, que ha tenido un enorme exito entre la poblacion local (Bonnet 1978, 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1996; Bonnet y otros 2000, etc.).
Reisner at Napata, which revealed the greatness of the Ethiopian civilization and King Tirkaqua, who was mentioned in the book of Isaiah.
George Reisner, que ao longo dos 18 anos em que trabalhou na Nubia conseguiu estudar e escavar os sitios de Kerma, Napata, Meroe e Nuri.
The burial of monarchs there, rather than in the city of Napata to the north, is thought to have been a significant development in the kingdom's politics, as it represented a break with the priests, who were based in Napata; Above: the Boma Plateau rises above the Nile's floodplain in the southeast, bordering Ethiopia.