About 2220 B.C.E., the Akkadian king Naram-Sin
inaugurated a grandiose refurbishment of Ekur, the sanctuary complex of the god Enlil at Nippur.
The initial shipment in 1901 was of unique importance, containing the Code of Hammurabi, the victory stele of Naram-Sin
and Elamite antiquities such as a large bronze table displaying the unique skill of the Elamite met alworkers of the time.
2334-2193 BC when it is found as a standard on the Naram-Sin
Victory Stele (van Dijk 2016:245) [Figure 12].
A late (c 1400 BC) witness to an old tradition includes a king of Kanesh called Zipani among seventeen local city-kings who rose up against the Akkadian Naram-Sin
Several articles are devoted to aspects that include sexuality and the significance of landscape on the famous Akkadian Stela of Naram-Sin
. Others explore the ritual context of rulers in Sumerian and Akkadian sculpture and texts, and the value of aesthetics and materials in ancient Mesopotamia.
2400 BC); a seated copper figure of King Naram-Sin
of Akkad (2250 BC), as well as Parthian and Islamic treasures.
The reading passages include inscriptions of Sargon, Rimush, Manishtusu, and Naram-Sin
, letters, administrative documents, and inscriptions of rulers of Gutium, Elam, Mari, Ebla, and other places, a glossary and sign list, a brief bibliography, and other indices and aids.
In contrast to the format oath-stipulations-curses found in the chromograms of the Old Babylonian treaties, the chromogram of the third-millennium treaty between Naram-Sin
of Akkad and a ruler of Elam shows the oath interspersed seven times throughout the text as well as other features not found in the second millennium, such as blessings and a statement on the deposition of the text.
Adah's main argument is that when Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian royal scribes referred to contemporary enemies, the Cimmerians and Medes, as Umman-manda they were alluding to The Cuthean Legend of Naram-Sin
, an influential literary text first attested in the early second millennium.
The Sultantepe Tablets (Continued), IV: The Cuthaean Legend of Naram-Sin