Narbonne


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Narbonne

(närbôn`), city (1990 pop. 47,086), Aude dept., S France, near the Mediterranean coast. It is the commercial center of a wine-growing region and an industrial city producing sulfur, copper, and clothing. A uranium processing plant was built there in 1959. It was the first Roman colony established in Transalpine GaulGaul
, Lat. Gallia, ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees. The name was extended by the Romans to include Italy from Lucca and Rimini northwards, excluding Liguria.
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 (118 B.C.) and was known as Narbo Martius; it later became the capital of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis. Narbonne was an archiepiscopal see from the 4th cent. until 1801. The city was occupied by the Visigoths in A.D. 413 and taken by the Saracens in 719 and the Franks in 759. It later became the seat of the viscounts of Narbonne, vassals of the counts of Toulouse, and was united to the French crown in 1507. Its port, silted up in 1320, brought great wealth to the city, especially during the Middle Ages. Narbonne was an important center of the Jews in the Middle Ages. Their expulsion (late 13th cent.) and the Black Death (1310), which is said to have taken 30,000 lives, were severe blows to the city's prosperity. In Narbonne are the remains of a Roman amphitheater and bridge, the splendid St. Just Cathedral (13th–14th cent.), and an archiepiscopal palace (13th cent.), now the town hall and museum.

Narbonne

 

a city in southern France, near the Mediterranean, in the department of Aude. Population, 40,000 (1968). A transportation junction, Narbonne is a major center for the production and sale of wine. The city also has machine-building and chemical industries.

Narbonne

a city in S France: capital of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis; harbour silted up in the 14th century. Pop.: 46 510 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
Main features: demolition of 5 buildings on the public maritime domain in narbonne (sector of mandirac)
Located on a plain that connects Europe to the Iberian Peninsula, Narbonne was an important city in the early centuries of the Common Era, fought over and controlled at various times by Romans, Visigoths and, from 719 to 759, the Saracens--as the Christians of that era called Muslims.
Narbonne's strength lies in questioning dominant theses in Plotinus studies.
Unfortunately, however, it does affect the plans of those Giants fans who booked earlier in the year expecting Narbonne to be the chosen location.
After a historical overview of Narbonne from Roman foundations to the 15th century, they cover urban development, the politics and rulers, Ergengarde viscountess of Narbonne 1127/29-1196/97, and society and religious life.
Representatives of Narbonne were in the Sportsground for the home tie against Sale Sharks recently, but they were unable to tempt him away.
Narbonne, a paleontologist at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario.
Saracens also qualifed but London Irish failed after a 29-10 loss to Narbonne.
CONNACHT suffered their first European Shield defeat of the season as Narbonne moved clear at the top of Pool A.
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When I first read of the medieval Jewish kings of Narbonne, I felt a powerful urge to visit their seat of power, even though I knew that the travails of the 14th and later centuries had left little to see.