Narmada


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Narmada

(nərmŭ`də), river, c.775 mi (1,250 km) long, rising in Madhya Pradesh state, central India, and flowing W between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges through Gujarat state to the Gulf of Khambat. Because the river is turbulent and confined between steep banks, it is unsuitable for navigation or irrigation. However, the river is being developed for irrigation and hydroelectric power in a long-term project involving some 30 large, 135 medium, and 3,000 smaller dams and hundreds of miles of canals in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. The Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat is the highest in India and one of the largest in the world. Gujarat will be the primary beneficiary of the irrigation aspects of the project. The project has been controversial both in India and internationally, in part because of the thousands of people who will need to be resettled. The Narmada, sacred to Hindus, is said to have sprung from the body of the god ShivaShiva
or Siva
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Mahadeva. The "horned god" and phallic worship of the Indus valley civilization may have been a prototype of Shiva worship or Shaivism.
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; a round-trip pilgrimage on foot along its entire length is highly esteemed. Many holy baths and sites line its banks; at Marble Rocks, Madhya Pradesh, a gorge whose 100-ft-high (30.5-m) walls bear inscriptions and sculptures, is a 12th-century temple.

Narmada

 

(Narbada; ancient Namados), a river in India. According to various data, it measures from 1,250 to 1,400 km long; it drains an area of about 100,000 sq km. The Narmada rises in the Maikala Range, flows through the northern part of the Deccan plateau, and empties into the Gulf of Khambat (Cambay) of the Arabian Sea, forming an estuary. Over a considerable distance it flows in a deep tectonic fault valley. Water is abundant during the summer monsoon rains. In June and July the flow rate reaches 55,000 cu m per sec (exceeding that of the Ganges at this time of year). The waters of the lower Narmada are used for irrigation, and the river is navigable at the estuary. The cities of Broach and Anklesvar are located on the lower Narmada.

Narmada

, Narbada
a river in central India, rising in Madhya Pradesh and flowing generally west to the Gulf of Cambay in a wide estuary: the second most sacred river in India. Length: 1290 km (801 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Ahmedabad: Gujarat is staring at an acute water crisis this summer apparently due to its over dependence on the Narmada Dam to meet all its requirements.
She also said the development of river Narmada was done only when the Congress was not in the power.
Earlier, the prime minister performed a puja at the site here in the Narmada district.
Now, the Narmada Control Authority has asked officials to ensure water is available to people only for drinking.
IBN-Lokmat on its exclusive show Reportz explores "Narmada ki Ghatiyan" & travels through the life and journey of the river Narmada, an what is this project all about.
The water level at Golden Bridge (on the Narmada river) in the city has breached the normal level of 22 feet and touched 29.
The Narmada River is venerated as a goddess and is the principle deity for many devotees in the Narmada valley.
This wide-ranging, detailed and analytical book attempts to embed an analysis of the controversy over the systems of dams on the Narmada River into a narrative of the politics of water infrastructure development in India.
The state-run Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation operates the newly built dam.
Our itinerary included two days along the Narmada River with the anti-dam movement, the Narmada Bachao Andolan, and its charismatic leader, Medha Patkar.
In the case of the Narmada, the government's plan is to build 30 large, 135 medium, and 3000 small dams to harness its waters and its tributaries.
Despite resettlement failures, local protests and abandonment by international partners, India continues its massive projects to dam the Narmada River