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Naryn(nərĭn`), river, c.450 mi (720 km) long, rising in several branches in the Tian Shan mountain system, SW Kyrgyzstan and SE Uzbekistan. The longest river in Kyrgyzstan, it flows generally W through the Fergana Valley where it joins with the Kara Darya to form the Syr Darya. The upper course is used for producing hydroelectricity; the lower course for irrigating a cotton-growing area. The city of Naryn (1997 est. pop. 46,400), SW Kyrgyzstan, on the upper course of the river, at an altitude of 6,610 ft (2,015 m), is the center of a wheat-growing and sheep-grazing district.
a city and administrative center of Naryn Oblast, Kirghiz SSR; located in the Naryn Basin, on the Naryn River (Syr Darya Basin), at the foot of the Alamyshik Range at an elevation of more than 2,000 m, 180 km south of the Rybach’e railroad station. Population, 26,000 (1974).
Naryn is a highway junction. It was founded as a fortified point on the trade route from Kashgar to the Chu Valley. It became a city in 1927. A food-processing industry (including a meat combine), a mechanical repair plant, and a clothing factory are located there. There are pedagogical and medical schools in the city. The Tien-Shan Theater of Music and Drama is also located there.
REFERENCESChormonov, B. Sh., and G. S. Guzhin. Gorod Naryn. Frunze, 1973.
a river in Kirghiz SSR and Uzbek SSR, right head-stream of the Syr Darya. It is 807 km long and drains an area of 59,100 sq km.
The Naryn originates in the glaciers of the Central Tien-Shan (until its point of confluence with the Malyi Naryn it is also called the Bol’shoi Naryn); it flows through an intermontane valley and, in places, through narrow gorges. It is fed by snow and glaciers. The mean flow rate at Uchkurgan (40 km from the mouth) is 429 cu m per sec; the maximum flow rate is 2,880 cu m per sec. High water occurs in May. In winter the river is brash ice; the shores remain free of ice. The Naryn’s waters are used for irrigation, primarily in the Fergana Valley; the Great Fergana Canal is on the river. On the Naryn are the Uchkurgan Hydroelectric Power Plant; the Toktogul Hydroelectric Power Plant is under construction (1974). The cities of Naryn, Tash-Kumyr, and Uchkurgan are located on the river.