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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a shade of the voice and a distorted pronunciation of the sounds of speech caused by the peculiarities of the sound-forming stream of air as it passes through the nasal and oral cavities. There are open and closed forms of nasality.

Open nasality is observed in cases of defects of the hard palate and defects and paralysis of the soft palate when a significant part of the air passes into the nose during the pronunciation of the sounds of speech—the voice acquires a severe nasal shade, and speech becomes inarticulate. Closed nasality arises as a consequence of the difficult passage of air through the nose as a result of chronic cold, adenoids, or polypi in the nose; this especially disrupts the pronunciation of the nasal sounds [m] and [n]—they sound like [b] and [d], and the voice becomes muted. Sometimes nasality is caused not by an anatomical problem but by a habit of incorrectly pronouncing words, in particular as a result of deafness and consequent inability to aurally check the speech. Nasality can be eliminated by special logopedic exercises. If anatomical problems are present, preparatory treatment, sometimes surgery, is conducted.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on the nasality of voice.
Examination conducted after 6-12 months since the removal of the defect lip and palate showed that hoarseness and nasality remained in 62 (28.8%) children.
And the fractures don't stop there; we're customers, we're classed (we're at the circus), and we're regional (as the Bronx/Jersey nasality informs us).
The answer is not found in a straightforward, chronologically ordered cultural narrative, but in a series of interactive and sometimes synchronic historical and social phenomena that, taken together, illuminate this paper's preoccupation with nasality. Included are the following, discussed roughly in this order: (1) the construction of the Jewish nose stereotype; (2) the recurring phenomenon of antisemitism, which exploits the stereotype of the Jewish nose and suggests that it is an infallible means of identifying Jews; (3) the Jewish immigration experience in the new world with its dream of assimilation; (4) the powerful imagery disseminated by film and television; (5) the availability and popularity of cosmetic surgery, and (6) the current stylishness of ethnic chic.
(ii) Speech and language assessment: The core components of the speech and language assessment included; (a) Case history: prenatal, perinatal and postnatal history including feeding problems and motor milestones, surgical history, associated medical conditions, dentition and educational history; (b) Physical examination: oro-facial examination; (c) Perceptual evaluation: articulation, nasality, compensatory articulation such as glottalization, nasal grimaces, palatalization and pharyngeal fricatives; and (d) Rating of speech intelligibility: known/unknown context.
Indeed, these influential singers will make an impression on the singing style in terms of tessitura, the use of glottal attacks, the degree of vibrato or pulsation, and the degree of nasality. For myself, as a non-Native singer with western classical training, altering my vocal technique and timbre has been particularly challenging without the opportunity to sing with other women.
He was a native of Newark, New Jersey: his speech was touched with Yankee nasality, his manner with Yankee crispness.
Although hypernasality is the most frequent resonance problem, other resonance disorders such as hyponasality, mixed nasality, and cul-de-sac resonance may also be identified in the speech of speakers with velopharyngeal closure deficits.
enhanced nasal air emissions that lead to altered nasality, a shift in localization of articulation (e.g.
Wolfram and Fasold (1974) and Haynes and colleagues (2006) described this feature as an economical feature of AAE, as the nasality of the final consonant is imposed on the vowel, allowing the nasal consonant to be deleted.
According to Miller and Nicely (1961:174-175), when frequencies above 1000 cps are filtered out of the speech, the features of place of articulation and duration are effectively absent, leaving nasality, affrication, and voicing to do all the work.