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Related to Naskapi: Montagnais and Naskapi

Montagnais and Naskapi

Montagnais (mŏntənyāˈ) and Naskapi (năsˈkəpē), aboriginal peoples originally from Labrador, Canada. Because they both spoke almost identical Algonquian languages and had similar customs, the two groups are often linked. The Montagnais covered their conical wigwams with birch bark and hunted principally moose during the winter months, moving down the rivers in the spring to spear salmon and eels, and to harpoon seals along the shores of the St. Lawrence. The Naskapi covered their wigwams with caribou skin and hunted caribou from midsummer until early spring, when some of them moved down the coast, like the Montagnais, while others remained inland to fish in various lakes and rivers and to hunt hares, porcupines, and other small game. Contact with Europeans was disastrous to both peoples, leading to a precipitous population decline, the disappearance of cooperative hunting on communally exploited territory, and the emergence of an economy based on private property, fur trapping, and commercial exchange. Some 12,000 descendants of the Montagnais and the Naskapi now live on large reserves in Quebec.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an Algonquian-speaking Indian tribe in the northern and northeastern parts of the Labrador Peninsula (Canada). The aboriginal occupations of the Naskapi were fishing and hunting and, from the 17th century, fur trading. Colonial exploitation of the Naskapi as suppliers of skins made them the most backward and poverty-stricken Indian group in the Canadian North. The present-day Naskapi (in 1967 they numbered 284) live on the Fort Chimo Reservation. The Naskapi are Catholics, although they have preserved many old totemistic beliefs and rituals.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Averkieva, Iu. P. “Rod i obshchina u algonkinov i atapaskov amerikan-skogo Severa.” In the collection Razlozhenie rodovogo slroia i for-mirovanie klassovogo obshcheslva. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
II s'agit de celui des Innus, des Anishnabes, des Atikamekws, des Inuits, des Cris et des Naskapis. Les trois dernieres Nations voient leurs droits proteges par la Convention de la Baie-James et du Nord Quebecois (8) et par la Convention du
The Naskapi Indians of Labrador, Canada, traditionally lived on the coast during the summer months where they subsisted on cod.
Naskapi, The Savage Hunters of the Labrador Penninsula.
While the normal size of the initial edition of a book is no more than 2,000 copies, the call for reprints is still rewarding--one book, Georg Henriksen's Hunters of the Barrens: The Naskapi on the Edge of the White Man's World (1973), had reached 14 reprints by 2007, and approximately 15,000 copies have been sold.
"Predictors of educational attainment among Naskapi adolescents." PhD diss., McGill University, 2007.
His colleague and follower Marie-Louise von Franz was very aware of this important relationship: Thus the major obligation of an individual Naskapi is to follow the instructions given by his dreams, and then to give permanent form to their contents in art.
The New Testament is now available in the Naskapi language, the fruit of 25 years of translation work by Silas Nabinicaboo, a lay reader of the aboriginal church in Kawawachikamach, diocese of Quebec, and Bill Jancewicz, an American translator associated with the Wycliffe Bible Translators.
In the American chapter, Matthews discusses, in varying degrees of depth, the Naskapi of Quebec and Labrador, the Powhatans of Virginia, the Cherokee, the Aztecs, and the Incas.
Thus, although the James Bay Cree settled the first contemporary land claim in 1975, it directly affected the lives of only the Cree and Naskapi in northern Quebec.
In his book Hunters in the Barrens: The Naskapi on the Edge of the White Man's World, published in 1975, the author contrasts the traditional Innu hunting pattern with the way they lived after being moved to coastal settlements.
For example, the Christian Cross, the Beothuk and Naskapi omamentation, the outline of the maple leaf in the centre of the flag, a triumphant figure and our place in the space age.
Over the years, Inuit and Naskapi hunters have reported a wide range of equipment on the sites, including cans of food, modular laboratories, heavy machinery and equipment for the storage and transportation of oil products.