Nassau


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Nassau

(nä`sou), former duchy, W central Germany, situated N and E of the Main and Rhine rivers. It is now mostly included in the state of HesseHesse
, Ger. Hessen, state (1994 pop. 5,800,000), 8,150 sq mi (24,604 sq km), central Germany. Wiesbaden is the capital. It is bounded by Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria in the south, Rhineland-Palatinate in the west, North Rhine–Westphalia and Lower Saxony in
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, and partly in the state of Rhineland-PalatinateRhineland-Palatinate
, Ger. Rheinland-Pfalz, state (1994 pop. 3,926,000), 7,658 sq mi (19,834 sq km), W Germany. Mainz is the capital. The state was formed in 1946 by the merger of the Rhenish Palatinate, Rhenish Hesse, the southern portion of the former Rhine Province of
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. WiesbadenWiesbaden
, city (1994 pop. 270,873), capital of Hesse, central Germany, on the Rhine River, at the southern foot of the Taunus Mts. The city, an industrial center and a market for Rhine wines, is one of the most famous spas of Europe.
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 was the capital; other towns included the mineral spas of Bad Homburg, Bad Schwalbach, and Schlangenbad in the beautiful Taunus hills and Bad Ems on the Lahn River.

The region takes its name from the small town of Nassau, on the Lahn E of Ems, where the original castle of the house of Nassau was built in the early 12th cent. by a count of Laurenburg. His descendants took the title count of Nassau. In 1255 the dynasty split into two main lines and divided the territory in half. In 1806, Nassau, which had received some territorial additions, joined the Confederation of the RhineConfederation of the Rhine,
league of German states formed by Emperor Napoleon I in 1806 after his defeat of the Austrians at Austerlitz. Among its members were the newly created kingdoms of Bavaria and Württenberg (see Pressburg, Treaty of), the grand duchies of Baden,
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 and was raised to a duchy.

In 1816 the territories belonging to the various branches of the Walramian line were united by Duke William (1816–39). His successor, Adolf, sided against Prussia in the Austro-Prussian WarAustro-Prussian War
or Seven Weeks War,
June 15–Aug. 23, 1866, between Prussia, allied with Italy, and Austria, seconded by Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, Hanover, Baden, and several smaller German states.
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 (1866) and as a result lost his duchy to Prussia. Nassau was then united with the former Electoral Hesse to form the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. Duke Adolf of Nassau, however, succeeded in 1890 to the grand duchy of LuxembourgLuxembourg
or Luxemburg
, officially Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, grand duchy (2015 est. pop. 567,000), 998 sq mi (2,586 sq km), W Europe. Roughly triangular, it borders on Belgium in the west and north, Germany in the east, and France in the south.
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, where his descendants continue to rule.

The Ottonian line of Nassau acquired (15th cent.) the lordship of Breda and settled in the Netherlands. It came into European prominence in the 16th cent. with William the SilentWilliam the Silent
or William of Orange
(William I, prince of Orange), 1533–84, Dutch statesman, principal founder of Dutch independence. Early Life
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, who inherited the principality of Orange in S France and became stadtholder of the Netherlands. His sons, Maurice of NassauMaurice of Nassau
, 1567–1625, prince of Orange (1618–25); son of William the Silent by Anne of Saxony. He became stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland after the assassination (1584) of his father.
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 and Frederick HenryFrederick Henry,
1584–1647, prince of Orange; son of William the Silent by Louise de Coligny. He became stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands upon the death (1625) of his brother Maurice of Nassau.
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, succeeded him as princes of Orange and as stadtholders; these titles then passed to Frederick Henry's son, William IIWilliam II,
1626–50, prince of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands (1647–50), son and successor of Frederick Henry. He married (1641) Mary, eldest daughter of Charles I of England.
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 of Orange, and to William's son William IIIWilliam III,
1650–1702, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702); son of William II, prince of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and of Mary, oldest daughter of King Charles I of England.
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, who also became king of England.

William III died (1702) without direct heirs, and the principality of Orange (which had become purely titular) passed to John William Friso, of the collateral branch of Nassau-Dietz. His son, Prince William IV, became (1748) hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands, and from him all subsequent rulers of the Netherlands (except Louis Bonaparte) are descended in direct line. The Dutch line of the Nassau family is known as the house of Orange.


Nassau

(nă`sô), city (1990 pop. 172,196), capital of the BahamasBahamas, the
, officially Commonwealth of the Bahamas, independent nation (2015 est. pop. 387,000), 4,403 sq mi (11,404 sq km), in the Atlantic Ocean, consisting of some 700 islands and islets and about 2,400 cays, beginning c.50 mi (80 km) off SE Florida and extending c.
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. A port on New Providence island, it has a large and beautiful harbor and is the commercial and social center of the islands. Its warm, healthful climate and colorful atmosphere have made it a popular resort. Formerly called Charles Towne, it was renamed Nassau in 1695. In the 18th cent. it was a rendezvous for pirates, among them Blackbeard. Three forts, Nassau (1697), Charlotte (1787–94), and Fincastle (1793), were built to ward off the numerous Spanish invasions. American revolutionists in 1776 captured and held it a short time.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nassau

 

the capital of the Bahamas, on New Providence Island in the Atlantic Ocean. Population, including suburbs, 101,500 (1970). The climate is tropical, with an average January temperature of 21°C and an average July temperature of 28°C; the annual precipitation is 1,155 mm. The city’s port exports sponges, citrus fruits, tomatoes, sisal, and pineapples. A resort, Nassau has an international airport.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Nassau

1. a region of W central Germany: formerly a duchy (1816--66), from which a branch of the House of Orange arose (represented by the present rulers of the Netherlands and Luxembourg); annexed to the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau in 1866; corresponds to present-day W Hesse and NE Rhineland-Palatinate states
2. the capital and chief port of the Bahamas, on the NE coast of New Providence Island: resort. Pop.: 229 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"This joint admissions program provides significant convenience for Nassau Community College students, many of whom are attracted to the baccalaureate programs at Farmingdale State College," Nassau Community College President Hubert Keen, who is the former long-time president of Farmingdale State College, said in a statement.
The Feil family of Rockville Centre has gifted more than $8.45 million to South Nassau in the past several years.
Gass, Chief Executive Officer of Nassau Re, said, "The return to growth, beginning with the rebranding of our core insurance companies is an exciting new chapter for Nassau Re and Phoenix.
The move will result in $217.3 million in total economic benefits to Nassau County and net tax revenues of $1.38 million to affected tax jurisdictions.
Additionally, upon closing, Nassau will fund USD 20m in equity capital to support the transaction and strengthen the business moving forward.
With assets of more than USD17bn, Nassau Re focuses on building a franchise across the insurance value chain.
As president, Kostynick was involved in many committees and oversaw board decisions while implementing new programs and services for Nassau Financial members.
Acquisition of Nassau Tool Works is scheduled to be completed within 60 days.
Nassau Paradise Island Promotion Board, a tourism promoting organisation in Nassau, Bahamas, has offered a free companion airfare to US residents when they book a four-night Nassau Paradise Island vacation.
In the 2009-2010 school year, Nassau County School District opened the Nassau Virtual School, which offers free online courses for eligible elementary, middle, and high school students residing in Nassau County.
The discoveries were made during a 2005 study led by Conservation International's Rapid Assessment Program (RAP) and a follow-up survey in 2006 in the Lely and Nassau plateaus.