Natal


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Natal

(nətăl`), former province, South Africa: see KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal
, province (2011 pop. 10,267,300), 36,433 sq mi (94,361 sq km), E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Formerly Natal province, in the post-apartheid constitution of 1994 it was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.
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Natal

(nətäl`), city (1991 pop. 606,887), capital of Rio Grande do Norte state, NE Brazil, just above the mouth of the Potengi River. A modern city that has retained its colonial flavor and is beautifully situated among white palm-studded beaches, Natal attracts many tourists. Its port is important in the handling of coastal shipping and in the export of tungsten. There is also some light industry. Natal [Port.,=Nativity] was founded on Christmas Day, 1599. It was occupied by the Dutch from 1633 to 1654 and in 1817 was briefly the seat of a republican government until it was suppressed by imperial authorities. It grew rapidly during World War II, when an airport was built for flights to Africa. Natal has several institutions of higher learning.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Natal

 

a province in the eastern Republic of South Africa on the Indian Ocean. Area, 87,000 sq km. Population, 2,980,000 (1960), including 2,200,000 Africans, 340,000 European immigrants, 395,000 Asian immigrants (Indians), and 45,000 mulattoes; according to a 1967 estimate, the province had 3,419,000 inhabitants. The Africans and mulattoes suffer racial discrimination. The capital is Pietermaritzburg.

Natal occupies a sharply broken, steplike plateau, bounded on the west by the spurs of the Drakensberg Mountains, with elevations to 2,294 m. The climate is generally tropical and humid. Average monthly temperatures range from 15° to 25°C. Annual precipitation is 750 mm in the southwest to 1,500 mm in the northeast. There are many fast-moving rivers, full of rapids, such as the Tugela and the Umkomaas. Vegetation consists primarily of grass savanna, with shrub steppe in the southwest.

In the early 19th century, the Zulu tribes living in what is now Natal Province united. Despite their courageous resistance, the tribes were subjugated by English and Boer colonizers. In 1842, the English gained control over most of Natal, which was declared an English colony; its present boundaries were officially adopted in 1897 after the annexation of Zululand. In 1910, it became a province of the Union of South Africa (the Republic of South Africa since 1961).

Large highly productive farms and plantations belonging to European companies dominate the agriculture; at the same time, agriculture in the bantustan of Zululand remains primitive. Natal is the principal region for sugarcane and banana production in the Republic of South Africa. Cotton, tobacco, potatoes and other vegetables, pineapples, peaches, apples, and pears are also grown. Dairy cattle are raised in the Drakensburg foothills. High-grade coal (the Dundee-Newcastle and Vryheid basins), ilmenite, and thorium, zirconium, and tantalum ores are mined; there are also small quantities of iron ore. Industrial processing of raw agricultural products yields alcohol, sugar, starch, tanning extract, tobacco, and cotton. The Shell and Mobil oil companies have refineries in Durban. Tires, steam boilers for power plants, artificial fertilizer, and textiles are among the province’s other industrial products. Shipbuilding and repair are carried on. Cast iron is produced in Newcastle, and cranes and rolled aluminum in Pietermaritzburg. A large metallurgical combine was under construction as of 1974 in Newcastle. The Durban-Johannesburg railroad and its branch lines link Natal with the other provinces of the Republic of South Africa. The economic center and largest port is Durban.


Natal

 

a port in northeastern Brazil, on the Atlantic, capital of the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Population, 264,600 (1970). Railroad station. Natal has leather and footwear, textile, and food-processing enterprises.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

natal

1
of or relating to birth

natal

2
Anatomy of or relating to the buttocks

Natal

1. a former province of E South Africa, between the Drakensberg and the Indian Ocean: set up as a republic by the Boers in 1838; became a British colony in 1843; joined South Africa in 1910; replaced by KwaZulu/Natal in 1994. Capital: Pietermaritzburg
2. a port in NE Brazil, capital of Rio Grande do Norte state, near the mouth of the Potengi River. Pop.: 1 049 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The private sector ante natal cards did not contain any FP messages, as reflected in the results, majority women (98.3%) availing ANC services were educated.
'Baianinha', 'Pera IAC 2000' and 'Natal IAC' cultivars obtained the highest averages (204.54 g, 204.27 g and 198.72 g, respectively), statistically similar to each other and higher than the others, followed by 'Natal 112' and 'Pera IAC' cultivars, higher than 'Pera Rio' cultivar.
Natal, capital do Estado do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, localiza-se na Regiao Nordeste Brasileira, na Mesorregiao do Leste Potiguar e inserida na Regiao Metropolitana de Natal (Figura 01), com seu centro geografico em 05 47' 42" de latitude sul e 35 12' 34" de longitude oeste tem area de 168,53 [km.sup.2] (IBGE, 2013).
The prevalence of natal and neonatal teeth varies in different geographical locations.
Residents in two buildings have been evacuated as a precaution, a statement from Natal's City Hall said.
The statement from Natal's City Hall says no deaths or injuries have been reported in the flooding, but residents of two buildings were evacuated as a precaution.
Natal would build a state-of-the-art new arena, authorities said, and all manner of additional infrastructure, too.
[7] Natal teeth have been reported to be more common in females, but Riga-Fede disease has a slight male predilection.
Theophilus Shepstone was responsible for African administration in colonial Natal, South Africa, from 1846 to 1876.
Lewis Raishbrook, Scott Kettell, Georgia Nicholls, Rebekah Bourke, Jack Foreman, Harry Smith and Hisaan |Shah show off the CD they have recorded to raise money for the neo natal unit at University Hospital Coventry.
Whenever possible, he tried to encourage overseas specialists to work on Natal Museum material of their particular speciality, and many chose to name species after him in recognition of his work.
DALE Benkenstein has raised doubts about his Durham future by joining Natal Dolphins for the forthcoming South African season.