National Bureau of Standards

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National Institute of Standards and Technology

National Institute of Standards and Technology, governmental agency within the U.S. Dept. of Commerce with the mission of “working with industry to develop and apply technology, measurements, and standards” in the national interest. It was established by act of Congress on Mar. 3, 1901; until 1988 it was known as the National Bureau of Standards. Its headquarters are at Gaithersburg, Md., with additional facilities located at Boulder, Colo. It conducts four major programs: the Measurements and Standards Laboratories, a number of highly technical research facilities in such fields as electronics, chemical science and technology, physics, and information technology; the Advanced Technology Program, which explores “not-yet-possible” technologies; the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, a nationwide network which offers technical assistance to small businesses; and the Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award, an award given for excellence in business performance in either manufacturing, service, or small business.
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National Bureau of Standards

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References in periodicals archive ?
[11] National Bureau of Standards (January 1949) The Atomic Clock: An Atomic Standard of Frequency and Time.
In 1956, Ghaffari moved permanently to the US to take up a position as a senior mathematician at the US National Bureau of Standards. Part of his work there involved calculations of the motion of artificial satellites.
and Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables, National Bureau of Standards, 1970.
In the January/February 1975 issue, Instruments for Industry advertised the Model CC-103 Crawford TEM Cell with National Bureau of Standards (NBS) calibration.
National Bureau of Standards reports atomic timekeeping accurate to a millionth of a second (1/11/47, p.
Allan Harvey, an engineer with the National Bureau of Standards, and Heather Looy, an Alberta professor of psychology, have ably stepped in to carry on that work.
It also required the Secretary of Energy to prescribe test and rating procedures that measure the energy efficiency, energy and water use, and estimated annual operating cost during a representative average use cycle as well as minimum energy efficiency, directing the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (formerly the National Bureau of Standards) to assist in developing the new or amended test procedures.
In 1955 the United States National Bureau of Standards was funded by the Department of the US Navy to develop a method for evaluating conductor current carrying capacity in printed circuits.
He served as Associate Editor for an 800 page technical handbook and helped write several electrical standards on a committee of the National Bureau of Standards. He was a well known philatelist.
building codes and standards, requested the National Bureau of Standards (NBS, now the National Institute for Standards and Technology) to develop design and evaluation guidelines for energy conservation in buildings for use by the states, pending development of national standards.

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