National Confederation of Labor

National Confederation of Labor

 

(Confederación Nacional de Trabajo; CNT), the anarcho-syndicalist trade union central organization of Spain, founded in Madrid in 1911.

With 1.5 million supporters in 1937, the National Confederation of Labor was dominant mainly among the workers of Catalonia and the farm laborers of southern Spain. At its second congress, held in December 1919, the CNT decided to join the Comintern, but this decision was reversed under the pressure of anarchist leaders in 1922. When Primo de Rivera’s dictatorship was established in September 1923, the CNT trade unions were disbanded but were again legalized in March 1930.

In January 1932 and again in December 1933, the anarchist extremists who had gained strength within the CNT leadership organized armed uprisings aimed at setting up a form of anarchy they called “free communism.” Some CNT trade unions refused to follow this extremist course; between 1932 and 1934 these unions broke away from the CNT and formed the Opposition Trade Unions. In March 1934 the Asturian division of the CNT concluded a “revolutionary alliance” with the Asturian branch of the Unión General de Trabajadores (General Union of Workers; UGT) and in October 1934 participated in the Asturian workers’ uprising.

The outbreak of the fascist rebellion forced the leaders of the CNT, despite their proclaimed rejection of political struggle, to join the Popular Front government in November 1936 and to conclude a pact of unity with the UGT on March 15, 1938. In April 1938 the CNT officially joined the Popular Front. After the establishment of the fascist dictatorship in 1939, the CNT was outlawed and functioned in emigration. Since Franco’s death in 1975, the CNT has been stepping up its activity.

L. V. PONOMAREVA [17–1070–3; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
Ludynela Hamor of National Confederation of Labor (NCL) brought a banner which demanded to stop vote-buying as election day nears.
They are Bayan Muna chairman Neri Colmenares, Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino chairmanLeody de Guzman, Federation of Free Workers president Sonny Matula, National Confederation of Labor president Ernesto Arellano and labor lawyer Allan Montaao of the Federation of Free Workers.
Lawyer Ernie Arellano of the National Confederation of Labor (NCL) said, "The workers do not become a force for social change because they are not voting as a class in the periodic and common political exercise, which is no other than the elections.
Matula said he, Montano, together with two other labor leaders-Leody De Guzman of the Buklurang ng Manggawang Pilipino (BMP), and Ernesto Arellano of the National Confederation of Labor (NCL)-are running to push for pro-labor legislation in the Senate.
| Senatorial bets nangakong tatapusin ang 'endo' The slate which got far less media attention the Hugpong or Otso's rally is comprised of only five candidates: lawyer and Federation of Free Workers President Sonny Matula Lawyer and National Confederation of Labor President Ernesto Arellano Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino chairman Leody de Guzman, ex-Bayan Muna Rep.
Some of the petitioners include the Council of Teachers and Staff of Colleges and Universities of the Philippines (CoTeSCUP), Sentro ng mga Nagkakaisang Progresibong mga Manggagawa (SENTRO), Federation of Free Workers (FFW), National Confederation of Labor (NCL), among others.
BMP, Socialista and the National Confederation of Labor, which are part of Workers Against Contractualization, will join the march when it reaches Recto Avenue.
Petitioners against K-12 include Council of Teachers and Staff of Colleges and Universities of the Philippines (CoTeSCUP), Sentro ng mga Nagkakaisang Progresibong mga Manggagawa (SENTRO), Federation of Free Workers (FFW), National Confederation of Labor (NCL), Senator and Vice Presidential aspirant Antonio Trillanes IV and the Magdalo Partylist, the Suspend K-12 Coalition led by Prof.
Groups of teachers and students, which included the Council of Teachers and Staff of Colleges and Universities in the Philippines, Sentro ng mga Nagkakaisang at Progresibong mga Manggagawa, Federation of Free Workers, National Confederation of Labor and among others are continuing to conduct protests against the K to 12 program.
The rallyists are composed of labor groups such as Nagkaisa, Allicance of Progressive Labor Centro,Partido ng Manggagawa, Bukluran ng Mangagawang Pilipino, Trade Union Congress of the Philippines, PS Link, National Confederation of Labor, among others.

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