National Dialogue Quartet

National Dialogue Quartet,

informal grouping of four Tunisian civil society organizations formed in mid-2013 to facilitate political dialogue in Tunisia that would lead to consensus on the adoption of new constitution. For its contribution toward building a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia, the quartet was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2015.

Following the ouster of President Ben AliBen Ali, Zine el-Abidine
, 1936–2019, president of Tunisia (1987–2011). Educated in France and the United States, he entered the army and became ambassador to Poland (1980–94), minister of national security (1984–86), and interior minister (1986–87).
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 during the Arab SpringArab Spring,
in modern North African and Middle Eastern history, antigovernment demonstrations and uprisings that, from late 2010, swept many of the regions' Arab nations.
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 protests of 2011, a constituent assembly had been elected, but an impasse between Islamist and secular parties had resulted in the failure of the assembly to adopt a new constitution before the end of 2012. Islamist militant violence in Tunisia, which had increased in 2012, led to prominent political assassinations in February and July, 2013. Secular opposition parties boycotted from the assembly and accused the main Islamist party, Ennahda, of complicity in or tolerance for the violence; the Islamist-led government rejected the charges and the opposition's call for a government of national unity.

In an attempt to end the resulting political impasse, avert further political polarization, and speed the adoption of a democratic constitution, Hassine Abassi, the secretary general of the Tunisian General Labor Union, approached the Tunisian Union of Industry, Commerce, and Handicrafts, the national business federation and the trade union's historical opponent, to form an alliance to foster national dialogue and political consensus. Subsequently the two were joined by the Tunisian National Bar Association and Tunisian League for the Defense of Human Rights in the National Dialogue Initiative. Insisting on a political road map that called for a consensus leading to the establishment of technocratic government, adoption of a constitution, and holding of elections under the supervision of an independent election commission, the quartet gradually achieved (Oct., 2013) 21 political parties' agreement, and work on the constitution resumed. The interim government took office in Jan., 2014, and a new constitution was adopted that month, with elections occuring the following December.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The Organizations confirmed for the Summit are American Friends Service Committee; Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet; International Peace Bureau; Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs; Albert Schweitzer Institute; International Campaign to Ban Landmines; Amnesty International; Institute of International Law; Kim Dae-Jung Presidential Library and Museum; International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War; United Nations Children's Fund; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; International Labour Organization; Martin Luther King Center; Nelson Mandela Foundation.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs also gave an interview to the Norwegian newspaper "Morgenbladet" on Tunisian-Norwegian relations, the situation in Tunisia three years after the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the National Dialogue Quartet, the Tunisian approach to the fight against terrorism and developments in the region.
The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2015 for its contribution to building a peaceful, pluralistic order in the country.
"The dialogue was the beginning of a new chapter in the history of Tunisia," said Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Ouided Bouchamaoui, who founded the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet.
Last year, the prize went to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, for its contribution to the democratic transition in Tunisia.
Last year the committee surprised the world by picking the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet.
The 2015 Nobel Peace Prize winner, Ouided Bourchamanoui of Tunisia's National Dialogue Quartet, talked about the process of peaceful social and political change in the SEMED region.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet urged the people of Syria to find a way to end their five-year conflict that has left more than 250,000 people dead and displaced millions.
But this year's Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the National Dialogue Quartet is a sign of hope for the country.
It is in this wise that I gratefully welcomed the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize winner, the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet. The Quartet is an unlikely mix of a labor union; an industry, trade and handicrafts confederation; a human rights league; and a lawyers organization.
Tunisia's National Dialogue Quartet won the peace prize for helping to build democracy in the birthplace of the Arab Spring, an example of peaceful transition in a region struggling with violence and upheaval.

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