National Dialogue Quartet

National Dialogue Quartet,

informal grouping of four Tunisian civil society organizations formed in mid-2013 to facilitate political dialogue in Tunisia that would lead to consensus on the adoption of new constitution. For its contribution toward building a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia, the quartet was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2015.

Following the ouster of President Ben AliBen Ali, Zine el-Abidine
, 1936–, president of Tunisia (1987–2011). Educated in France and the United States, he entered the army and became ambassador to Poland (1980–94), minister of national security (1984–86), and interior minister (1986–87).
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 during the Arab SpringArab Spring,
in modern North African and Middle Eastern history, antigovernment demonstrations and uprisings that, from late 2010, swept many of the regions' Arab nations.
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 protests of 2011, a constituent assembly had been elected, but an impasse between Islamist and secular parties had resulted in the failure of the assembly to adopt a new constitution before the end of 2012. Islamist militant violence in Tunisia, which had increased in 2012, led to prominent political assassinations in February and July, 2013. Secular opposition parties boycotted from the assembly and accused the main Islamist party, Ennahda, of complicity in or tolerance for the violence; the Islamist-led government rejected the charges and the opposition's call for a government of national unity.

In an attempt to end the resulting political impasse, avert further political polarization, and speed the adoption of a democratic constitution, Hassine Abassi, the secretary general of the Tunisian General Labor Union, approached the Tunisian Union of Industry, Commerce, and Handicrafts, the national business federation and the trade union's historical opponent, to form an alliance to foster national dialogue and political consensus. Subsequently the two were joined by the Tunisian National Bar Association and Tunisian League for the Defense of Human Rights in the National Dialogue Initiative. Insisting on a political road map that called for a consensus leading to the establishment of technocratic government, adoption of a constitution, and holding of elections under the supervision of an independent election commission, the quartet gradually achieved (Oct., 2013) 21 political parties' agreement, and work on the constitution resumed. The interim government took office in Jan., 2014, and a new constitution was adopted that month, with elections occuring the following December.

References in periodicals archive ?
For his part, president of the Foundation, Nobuo Tanaka, praised the Tunisian democratic experience, noting that the awarding of the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize to the National Dialogue Quartet is the result of a Tunisian consensus to make their democratic transition successful.
Last year, the prize went to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, for its contribution to the democratic transition in Tunisia.
Last year the committee surprised the world by picking the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet.
The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, a Nobel Peace Laureate, played a decisive role in building a pluralistic political system in Tunisia.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet urged the people of Syria to find a way to end their five-year conflict that has left more than 250,000 people dead and displaced millions.
The Nobel Peace Prize Laureate for 2015 was the National Dialogue Quartet of Tunisia, consisting of the Tunisian General Labour Union, the Tunisian Union of Industry Commerce and Handicrafts, the Tunisian National Bar Association, and the Tunisian League for the Defence of Human Rights.
But this year's Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the National Dialogue Quartet is a sign of hope for the country.
It is in this wise that I gratefully welcomed the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize winner, the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet.
Tunisia's National Dialogue Quartet won the peace prize for helping to build democracy in the birthplace of the Arab Spring, an example of peaceful transition in a region struggling with violence and upheaval.
TO, a day after it was announced that the National Dialogue Quartet would receive the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize.
Houcine Abassi is secretary-general of the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT) and recipient of the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize as a part of the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet.
The recent award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the National Dialogue Quartet that mediated the Tunisian democratic transition did more than acknowledge the exemplary nature of the process.

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