National Forest System

National Forest System,

federally owned reserves, c.191 million acres (77.4 million hectares), administered by the Forest Service of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. The system is made up of 155 national forests and 19 national grasslands in 41 states and Puerto Rico. The majority of reserves are found in the Western states, with Alaska, Idaho, and California having the most extensive holdings. In the East, large national forests are in the Green, White, Allegheny, and Blue Ridge mts. The national grasslands are found on the Great Plains. By law the reserves must be used for timber production, watershed land, wildlife preservation, livestock grazing, mining, and recreation. In 1891, Congress authorized the president to set aside forest reserves; Yellowstone Park Timber Reserve (now Shoshone National Forest) in Wyoming was the first (1891) to be established. The forest reserves were administered by the General Land Office of the Dept. of the Interior until 1905, when they were transferred to the Forest Service by President Teddy Roosevelt. They were designated national forests in 1907. In the late 20th cent., there was increasing pressure from environmental protection groups to change the main emphasis of forest management from the promotion of logging and road-building to the protection of timber reserves. Conflict between environmentalists and business interests over the issue has been heated. Moving to conserve some forest resources, in 1999 the government declared a moratorium on logging and roadbuilding in the undeveloped back country of the national forests. See forestforest,
a dense growth of trees, together with other plants, covering a large area of land. The science concerned with the study, preservation, and management of forests is forestry.
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Bibliography

See R. S. Gilmour, Policy Making for the National Forests (1971); G. A. Bradley, ed., Land Use and Forest Resources in a Changing Environment (1984); publications of the Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, and the American Tree Association, Washington, D.C.

References in periodicals archive ?
We learned what commitment and advocacy could achieve by reading about legendary conservationists like Gifford Pinchot, who conspired with his mentor, President Theodore Roosevelt, to preserve our country's once limitless forests by the bold creation of the National Forest System; or of the wisdom of Aldo Leopold, whose writings in A Sand County Almanac presaged the modern environmental movement and provided a philosophical and scientific basis for the preservation of natural environments.
His grandfather was Gifford Pinchot who -- under President Theodore Roosevelt back in 1905 -- founded the Forest Service and brought 195 million acres into the US National forest system.
Northwest Forest Plan; (179) the revised 2012 National Forest System
National Forest System will be shut down unless they are operated by third parties under a recreational special use permit.
With substantial increases in timber availability, as suggested by the chief of the USDA Forest Service, as well as national forest system officials in Missoula's Region 1 office, the forest industry could grow, employ more workers and generate more labor earnings.
Their combined efforts paid off in 1911 with passage of the Weeks Act in Congress, establishing the national forest system and its 20 million acres of protected public lands nationwide.
Forest Service and a national forest system, and helped create the Civilian Conservation Corps, to list just three of its many remarkable achievements.
Roosevelt went on to protect hundreds of millions of acres of public lands from private plundering by creating national parks and the National Forest System.
Despite the gains, at least 65,000,000 National Forest System acres still are in need of restoration work.
This decision requires construction of about 0.6 miles and reconstruction of 0.8 miles of National Forest System road and construction of 2.7 miles of temporary road.
In this work for general readers and students, conservation writer Johnson and Govatski (retired from the US Forest Service) chronicle the origins of the National Forest system in the Eastern US in the early 20th century.

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