National Forest System

National Forest System,

federally owned reserves, c.191 million acres (77.4 million hectares), administered by the Forest Service of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. The system is made up of 155 national forests and 19 national grasslands in 41 states and Puerto Rico. The majority of reserves are found in the Western states, with Alaska, Idaho, and California having the most extensive holdings. In the East, large national forests are in the Green, White, Allegheny, and Blue Ridge mts. The national grasslands are found on the Great Plains. By law the reserves must be used for timber production, watershed land, wildlife preservation, livestock grazing, mining, and recreation. In 1891, Congress authorized the president to set aside forest reserves; Yellowstone Park Timber Reserve (now Shoshone National Forest) in Wyoming was the first (1891) to be established. The forest reserves were administered by the General Land Office of the Dept. of the Interior until 1905, when they were transferred to the Forest Service by President Teddy Roosevelt. They were designated national forests in 1907. In the late 20th cent., there was increasing pressure from environmental protection groups to change the main emphasis of forest management from the promotion of logging and road-building to the protection of timber reserves. Conflict between environmentalists and business interests over the issue has been heated. Moving to conserve some forest resources, in 1999 the government declared a moratorium on logging and roadbuilding in the undeveloped back country of the national forests. See forestforest,
a dense growth of trees, together with other plants, covering a large area of land. The science concerned with the study, preservation, and management of forests is forestry.
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Bibliography

See R. S. Gilmour, Policy Making for the National Forests (1971); G. A. Bradley, ed., Land Use and Forest Resources in a Changing Environment (1984); publications of the Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, and the American Tree Association, Washington, D.C.

References in periodicals archive ?
Congress to address Montanas seven WSAs on National Forest System Lands.
00m National Forest System Collaborative Forest Landscape $40m $40m $0.
Roosevelt went on to protect hundreds of millions of acres of public lands from private plundering by creating national parks and the National Forest System.
Despite the gains, at least 65,000,000 National Forest System acres still are in need of restoration work.
8 miles of National Forest System road and construction of 2.
In this work for general readers and students, conservation writer Johnson and Govatski (retired from the US Forest Service) chronicle the origins of the National Forest system in the Eastern US in the early 20th century.
THE HISTORY OF ROADLESS AREA MANAGEMENT IN THE NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM A.
covered both private land (17%) and Hoosier National Forest System land (83%) in southeastern Monroe County, Indiana (Fig.
Allowing logging to take place there would signify a reversal of the contentious Clinton-era "roadless rule" banning road-building and resource extraction on 58 million untracked acres within the country's sprawling national forest system.
For example, the USFS oversees federally owned National Forest System roads, while most of the Forest System roads, while most of the Forest Highways currently are supported by State DOTs.
This bill expanded the acreage of Yellowstone Park and set aside the first 13 million acres of timber reserves--the national forest system was born.

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