National Gallery

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National Gallery,

London, one of the permanent national art collections of Great Britain, est. 1824. The nucleus of museum was the 38-picture collection of the late English banker John Julius Angerstein, which was purchased by the House of Commons; it was initially displayed at Angerstein's former Pall Mall home. The National Gallery's main building, erected (1832–38) and designed in Greek style by William Wilkins, stands in Trafalgar Square. The structure was shared for 30 years with the Royal Academy of ArtsRoyal Academy of Arts,
London, the national academy of art of England, founded in 1768 by George III at the instigation of Sir William Chambers and Benjamin West. Sir Joshua Reynolds was the Academy's first president, holding the office until his death in 1792.
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. In 1876 a new wing was added, designed by E. M. Barry. The gallery is rich in Italian paintings of the 15th and 16th cent. and has fine collections of French, Flemish, and Dutch masters. The National Portrait Gallery, whose collection dates from 1858, has adjoined the National Gallery since 1896. The Sainsbury Wing, designed by American architect Robert VenturiVenturi, Robert,
1925–2018, American architect and architectural theorist, b. Philadelphia, grad. Princeton (B.A., 1947; M.F.A., 1950). An important and highly influential theorist, Venturi inveighed in his writings against the banality and simplicity of postwar modern
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 to display the National Gallery's early Renaissance collection, opened in 1991. The Tate GalleryTate Gallery,
London, originally the National Gallery of British Art. The original building (in Millbank on the former site of Millbank Prison), with a collection of 65 modern British paintings, was given by Sir Henry Tate and was opened in 1897.
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, which originally controlled by the National Gallery, attained complete independence in 1955 by an act of Parliament.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

National Gallery


in London, one of the world’s best collections of 18th- and 19th-century Western European painting. It was founded in 1824, based on the collection of J. J. Angerstein.

The National Gallery has works by Duccio, Paolo Uccello, Piero della Francesca, and C. Crivelli. The gallery houses such masterpieces as Giovanni Bellini’s The Doge Leonardo Loredan Full-face; Leonardo da Vinci’s cartoon St. Anne and The Virgin of the Rocks; Titian’s Portrait of a Man, The Death of Actaeon, and Madonna and Child; G. B. Moroni’s The Tailor; J. van Eyck’s Wedding Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and JeanneCenami; H. Holbein the Younger’s Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and French Ambassadors; Rembrandt’s A Woman Bathing in a Stream; P. de Hooch’s Courtyard of a House in Delft; M. Hobbema’s The Avenue at Middelharnis;

D. Velásquez’ The Toilet of Venus; T. Gainsborough’s Mrs. Sid-dons and The Morning Walk; W. Hogarth’s The Shrimp Girl, J. Constable’s The Haywain; P. Cézanne’s large painting The Bathers; J. Seurat’s The Bathers; and van Gogh’s The Sunflowers.

The present classical-style building of the National Gallery was constructed in the 1830’s according to a design by W. Wilkins.


Kuznetsova, I. Natsional’naia galereia: London (album). Moscow [1971].
Hendy, P. The National Gallery London. London [1960].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Linda McClelland MBE, playfair education co-ordinator at the National Galleries of Scotland, said: "If you need cheering up just come along and see the 53 winning works of art from this year's competition at the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art.
The National Gallery's picture, painted in 1912, will be at the Barber in return for a Monet painting, Church at Varengeville, which features in the National Gallery's exhibition, Monet and Architecture, until July 29.
The display will also feature a 30-minute film, shot in a slate mine in Snowdonia and in the National Gallery, about a painting that has taken human form.
Pontypridd The town will be at the heart of the south east Wales Metro, so why not locate a national gallery of modern Welsh art close to its train station in the centre of the town?
The Masterpiece Tour is part of the National Gallery's commitment to promote the understanding, knowledge and appreciation of Old Master paintings to as wide an audience as possible.
JASON ROBERTS Members of the PCS union stage a demonstration outside the World Museum against | proposals by the National Gallery to privatise services
I hadn't tried any other museums in the meantime and this opportunity came up by chance because I met somebody who worked at the National Gallery, who suggested it, and then I met Nick Penny and he said, 'Okay.'
Garda Michael Moore said he retrieved the CCTV footage from the National Gallery and identified Shannon to the jury.
COVENTRY become the National Gallery's ninth associate artist.
The National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., is one of the major museums in the United States.
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario May 17-Sept.

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