National Gallery of Art

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National Gallery of Art

National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, established by an act of Congress, 1937. Andrew W. Mellon donated funds for construction of the building as well as his own collection of 130 American portraits. The marble West Building was designed by John Russell Pope; it opened in Mar., 1941. The East Building, designed by I. M. Pei, was completed in 1978 and expanded by renovations finished in 2016. The outdoor sculpture garden opened in 1999. Among the works in the gallery are Samuel H. Kress's collection of Italian masterpieces, the Joseph E. Widener Collection, the Chester Dale Collection, the Lessing J. Rosenwald collection of drawings and prints, the Edgar W. and Bernice C. Garbisch collection of American naive paintings, and the Paul Mellon collection of portraits of Native Americans by George Catlin. The gallery's paintings number more than 1,200 and it also has a significant number of drawings and prints. The collection is especially rich in Italian, French, and American works. The museum also maintains a research center, a library, and the Index of American Design, consisting of some 18,000 watercolors illustrating the history of American crafts and folk art. The gallery's collection also includes (since 2014) the artworks of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (see under Corcoran, William Wilson).


See H. Cairns and J. Walker, ed., A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art (2 vol., 1966); M. Wilson, The National Gallery (1984); M. Richler, National Gallery of Art, Washington: A World of Art (1998); J. Hand, Master Paintings from the Collection: National Gallery of Art (2004).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

National Gallery of Art


in Washington, D.C., one of the best art collections in the United States. It is under the management of the Smithsonian Institute. Founded in 1937, the National Gallery of Art was opened in 1941. Its building was designed by J. R. Pope. The basis of the gallery’s collections consists of private collections donated by Mellon, Kress, Widener, Chester Dale, and others. The National Gallery is the repository of thousands of European and American works of art, including paintings, sculpture, prints, drawings, and examples of the decorative arts. It houses one of the world’s best collections of Italian Renaissance painting. The gallery has paintings by Raphael, Giorgione, Titian, F. Clouet, El Greco, Rembrandt, J. Vermeer, P. P. Rubens, T. Gainsborough, E. Manet, E. Degas, P. Picasso, J. S. Copley, and G. Stuart. Its sculpture collection includes works by Donatello, G. L. Bernini, and J. A. Houdon.


Walker, J. National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C. New York, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1.) The exhibition was on view at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., from May 3 to July 26, 2015.
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-- At the National Gallery of Art, the second in a series of Tower exhibitions focusing on contemporary art and its roots offers a rare look at the black-on-black paintings that Mark Rothko made in 1964 in connection with his work on a chapel for the Menil Collection in Houston.
6, the National Gallery of Art, a branch of the Lithuanian Art Museum, presents the Londonbased Victoria & Albert Museum's exhibition "Cold War Modern: Design 1945--1970" as part of a project of the program "Vilnius--European Capital of Culture 2009." The exhibition displays some 300 objects from around the world including from the U.S., the Soviet Union, China, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Italy, France, East and West Germany, Cuba and the United Kingdom.
The Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art (TMCA) has turned down a request from Washington, D.C.'s National Gallery of Art for a loan of a Paul Gauguin still life, citing a fear the artwork might get hung up in the U.S.
The Collections of the National Gallery of Art: Systematic Catalogue.
Works have been loaned by the Museum of Modern Art, New York, British Museum, Courtauld Institute, National Gallery of Canada, Whitney Museum, New York and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, among others.
This past month I stood before a number of 17th-century paintings at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Best known for his paintings and collages of jazz and the rural South, Bearden's work was postumously recognized with an exhibition at the national Gallery of Art in 2003.
exhibition to delve into this influential avantgarde spirit, premiered at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and is currently on view at the Museum of Modern Art through Sept.

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