National Institute of Standards and Technology


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Related to National Institute of Standards and Technology: National Bureau of Standards

National Institute of Standards and Technology,

governmental agency within the U.S. Dept. of Commerce with the mission of "working with industry to develop and apply technology, measurements, and standards" in the national interest. It was established by act of Congress on Mar. 3, 1901; until 1988 it was known as the National Bureau of Standards. Its headquarters are at Gaithersburg, Md., with additional facilities located at Boulder, Colo. It conducts four major programs: the Measurements and Standards Laboratories, a number of highly technical research facilities in such fields as electronics, chemical science and technology, physics, and information technology; the Advanced Technology Program, which explores "not-yet-possible" technologies; the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, a nationwide network which offers technical assistance to small businesses; and the Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award, an award given for excellence in business performance in either manufacturing, service, or small business.

National Institute of Standards and Technology

(body)
(NIST, formerly the National Bureau of Standards) A United States governmental body that helps develop standards including FIPS.

NIST Home.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Advanced Technology Program, managed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, provides cost-shared funding to industry for high-risk R&D projects with the potential to spark important, broad-based economic benefits for the United States.
Such identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, nor does it imply that the materials or equipment identified are necessarily the best available for the purpose.
As part of the highly regarded National Institute of Standards and Technology, the ATP provides a mechanism for industry to extend its technological reach, thereby extending the envelope of what can be attempted.
The experiment will be constructed and undergo initial testing at the Low Energy Neutron Source at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility (LENS) where ample beam time for this task will be available and will be moved to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for actual data collection.
Phase one of CSTARS implementation has been completed and the system is now installed and operational among approximately 250 users at the Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Office of the Secretary of the Department of Commerce, which includes the offices of the Inspector General, Office of Acquisition Services, Office of Security, Office of Administrative Services, and the Commerce Information Technology Solutions (COMMITS) procurement offices.
Toward that goal, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Md., report that by weighing the kilogram against an electromagnetic force, they have measured a fundamental physical quantity, known as the Planck constant, with twice the precision of previous experiments.
An experiment to study the radiative beta-decay of the neutron is currently being developed for the NG-6 fundamental physics endstation at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Center for Neutron Research (NCNR).
Following a recommendation from the federal government's National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Secretary of Commerce has revised the Data Encryption Standard, which federal agencies and others use to scramble sensitive information.
While Congress considers abolishing the Department of Commerce, the threat to one of DOC's tiny research agencies, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has galvanized scientists into action.
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