National Institutes of Health


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National Institutes of Health

(NIH), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service, with headquarters in Bethesda, Md. It was established initially in 1887 as a laboratory in the U.S. Marine Hospital on Staten Island in New York City, and was given its present name in 1948. The NIH conducts and supports biomedical research into the causes, cure, and prevention of disease. It maintains its own laboratories and awards grants and contracts to universities and other private research facilities. Separate national institutes (27 in all) function in specific areas such as cancer; heart, lung, and blood diseases; dental and craniofacial research; child health and human development; allergy and infectious diseases; aging; human genome research; drug abuse; mental health; and biomedical imaging and bioengineering. It also maintains the National Library of Medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The National Institutes of Health required us to test glucosamine like a drug," says Daniel Clegg.
Since 2005, he has been the senior infectious disease epidemiologist at Research Triangle Institute International and a member of the informatics group of MIDAS, funded by the National Institutes of Health. His current main research interests are HIV and influenza epidemiology and prevention.
The National Institutes of Health, one of the greatest advocates of advancements in translational research, recently presented a program that offers grants to institutions to advance cross-field collaboration to develop more progressive and marketable products.
In 2002, in response to a request from Congress, the National Academy of Sciences formed a committee charged with determining the optimal organizational structure for the National Institutes of Health. This volume contains the committee's analysis and recommendations, along with background information on the evolution of the current structure of NIH.
Source: National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, (301) 496-6308; http://www.nlm.nih.gov.
In a study by the National Institutes of Health, only 12 percent of those using holistic therapies had sought care from a licensed practitioner.
[section] 286) as a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 1956 describes the mission of the library as collecting, preserving, and disseminating medical literature as well as making "available its bibliographic, reference, or other services, to public and private entities and individuals." NLM fulfilled this mission for many years by primarily serving health professionals, especially through the MEDLINE[R] database of references to millions of biomedical research publications.
The National Institutes of Health (2000) report that fifty to sixty percent of women consume less than half of the recommended amount of calcium.
The National Institutes of Health are conducting market research for a standard competition to provide Visual and Medical Arts Services in Bethesda, MD, and nearby locations.
Then there's Roscoe Brady, the cell biologist who spent his entire career at the National Institutes of Health, taking apart the cellular machinery that lies behind a half-dozen rare genetic disorders and producing the proteins that would later lead to therapies.
For more than 100 years, the peer review process at the National Institutes of Health has been a model of rigorous, unbiased evaluation emulated by its fellow funding organizations and admired by other nations.
It was prepared by the National Toxicology Program, an arm of the HHS located at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, one of the National Institutes of Health. The reports are published every two years after lengthy study and scientific reviews by three successive expert panels of government and non-government scientists."

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