Wagner Act

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Related to National Labor Relations Act: Fair Labor Standards Act, Wagner Act

Wagner Act


(official name, National Labor Relations Act), in the USA, the law regulating labor relations adopted on July 5, 1935. Named after its author, Senator R. Wagner.

The adoption of the Wagner Act was brought about by the attempt of the government of the USA to dampen the extremely sharp class contradictions associated with the world economic crisis of 1929-33. The act proclaimed the right of workers to organize, conclude collective contracts, and strike and the legalization of certain kinds of strikes. The act prohibited the employer from violating the workers’ right to conclude collective contracts and refusing to conclude such contracts, from exerting influence over trade unions, and from discrimination in hiring or firing for reasons of trade-union activity or the workers’ exercising their legal rights. On the basis of the Wagner Act the National Labor Relations Board was founded and was entrusted with broad authority, including the right to restore fired workers to their jobs. The constitutionality of the Wagner Act was recognized by the Supreme Court of the USA in 1937. As a federal act, the Wagner Act applied only to workers employed in federal enterprises; however it also influenced the legislation of states, the majority of which adopted the so-called little Wagner acts.

In practice, the application of the Wagner Act met with opposition from employers who used the administrative and judicial apparatus to try to negate the concessions won by the working class. As early as 1943 the rights of workers were restricted by the Smith-Connally Act. In 1947 the anti- labor Taft-Hartley Act was adopted, which virtually replaced the Wagner Act.

References in periodicals archive ?
The National Labor Relations Act (NRLA) protects workers' right to organize, unionize and engage in concerted protected activity relative to their positions.
You add that on top of the 32 million that are already exempt from the ability to join a union through the National Labor Relations Act, and you add all of the other pieces that we've just talked about and it becomes clear that it is very difficult to organize in America.
Therefore, said the NLRB, any policy that chilled such speech prevented workers from exercising their rights under the National Labor Relations Act.
Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit found that numerous unfair labor practices at individual facilities did not demonstrate a corporate proclivity to violate the National Labor Relations Act.
It is not a breach of a union's duty of fair representation for its contracts to include the "union security clause" from the National Labor Relations Act, the court held Nov.
More than sixty years ago, Congress answered affirmatively by passing the National Labor Relations Act, which explicitly encouraged collective bargaining.
A company may be liable for back pay and benefits if it can be shown the conversion was motivated by a desire to interfere with benefit rights protected under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act or to avoid bargaining obligations under the National Labor Relations Act.
The 1935 National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), also known as the Wagner Act, made such firings illegal, and the law hasn't changed.
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) called for their reinstatement, but the Sixth Circuit Court stated that the nurses were supervisors and were not protected by the National Labor Relations Act because they exercised independent judgment in directing the work of aides, and did so in the employer's interests.
Some of the more notable examples: the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the National Labor Relations Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Equal Pay Act, the Family and Medical Leave Act.
In legal terms, the National Labor Relations Act (1988) does define professional employee quite precisely, and specifically notes the character of the work and the education required for such a position:
Especially helpful are the book's references to and incorporation of the applicable Board rules and regulations contained in Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, which basically flesh out the procedures outlined in the National Labor Relations Act itself.

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