National Liberal Party

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

National Liberal Party


(Partidul National-Liberal), a Rumanian political party founded in 1875 out of various bourgeois-liberal groups. The National Liberal Party represented the commercial and industrial bourgeoisie and some of the landholding nobility and advocated protectionist trade policies. In the 20th century the party came to express the aspirations of the major financial and banking interests in Rumania.

The National Liberal Party concealed its reactionary course in domestic politics and its concessions to foreign capital with the demagogic slogan of economic reorganization “on our own strength.” The National Liberals held power for prolonged periods from 1876 to 1937 and frequently joined coalition governments. Leadership was in hands of the Brátianu family, except when the party was headed by D. Sturdza (1892–1909) and I. Duca (1930–33).

After the mid-1920’s the National Liberal Party went into decline, because of both its policy of cruel repression against the labor and democratic movement and the growing strength of the National Peasant Party. Some leaders of the National Liberal Party supported Antonescu’s fascist regime. On the eve of Rumania’s liberation from fascism, the leadership of the party was forced to agree to formal participation in the National Democratic Bloc of June 1944. After its defeat in the National Assembly elections in November 1946, the National Liberal Party was no longer a political force.


Fǎtu, M. Sfîrşit fǎrǎ glorie. Bucharest, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Another LF delegation, including MP Antoine Zahra, visited the headquarters of the National Liberal Party in Sodeco, and presented to the party leader, MP Dory Chamoun, the political program of LF leader.
Summary: Student groups of the Kataeb and National Liberal Party demonstrated near the Syrian Embassy over the weekend to protest against the Syrian ambassador's criticism of Lebanon's assistance to Syrian refugees.
NNA - "National Liberal Party" leader, Deputy Dori Chamoun, hoped on Wednesday that "the Maronite church will take more care of its parish and their affairs, rather than political affairs, as well as to focus on the unity of Christians." The MP told "Sharq" radio that Patriarch Bechara Rai might commit a mistake like any other person, asking the religious figures to stop intervening in political affairs.
Summary: Geagea and former security chief Jamil Sayyed continued to trade accusations over the weekend in regards to the assassination of the leader of the National Liberal Party Dany Chamoun.
The meeting also included National Liberal Party Head Dori Chamoun, Independence Movement Head Michel Mouawad, Camille Ziade from the Democratic Renewal Movement, and Dr.
These religious flags were raised alongside those of the Lebanese Forces, Kataeb, Future Movement, National Liberal Party, Free Syrian Army and a few scattered pennants of Walid Jumblatt's Progressive Socialist Party.
NNA - National Liberal Party Head, MP Dory Chamoun, said Saturday that Hezbollah is implementing the orders of Iran in Lebanon; adding, however, that Iran's policy is prone to change soon in light of its negotiations with the West.
For its part, the National Liberal Party mourned Asaad's death and praised his involvement in the Cedar Revolution as well as the March 14 coalition.
NNA - "National Liberal Party " student body marked Saturday the 8th commemoration of Martyr Gibran TueniA's assassination in a speech ceremony organized at "Al- Nahar building in BeirutA's central district, under the patronage of Party Leader, MP Dori Chamoun.

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