National Liberation Front

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National Liberation Front


(Front de Libération National; FLN), in Algeria, a national organization that existed from 1954 to 1964 and directed the Algerian people’s armed struggle for independence.

The FLN represented the workers, peasants, and intelligentsia, as well as part of the national bourgeoisie and feudal elements. It had its own military organization: the National Liberation Army. Under the leadership of the FLN, broad strata of the Algerian people took part in various aspects of the anticolonialist movement.

The first program of the FLN, adopted at the Congress of Soummam in August 1956, defined as the basic tasks of the organization the achievement of Algerian independence, the creation of a democratic republic, the implementation of agrarian reform, and the nationalization of the principal means of production. The congress adopted resolutions creating various bodies, including the supreme body of the FLN—the National Council of the Algerian Revolution (NCAR). In September 1958 the FLN established the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic.

The program adopted at a session of the NCAR in Tripoli in June 1962, shortly after the war of national liberation had ended, provided for a transition to a people’s democratic revolution whose goals would be to “create a state based on socialist principles and popular sovereignty,” to implement an anti-imperialist and anticolonialist foreign policy, to carry out agrarian reform, and to nationalize mineral resources, transportation, banks, and foreign trade. The Tripoli Program also called for the industrialization of the country, the establishment of a planned economy in whose management the working people would take part, the development of a national culture, and an improved life for the toiling masses (seeNATIONAL DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION IN ALGERIA). The program envisioned the transformation of the FLN into a political party.

The FLN split into two factions: those who supported the Provisional Government, some of whose leaders were opposed to the Tripoli Program, and those who supported the Politburo of the FLN, which had been established in July 1962 and which sought to continue the revolution. The second faction, aided by the National Liberation Army, seized power and in September 1962 formed the government of the Algerian People’s Democratic Republic. The FLN became the ruling political organization and subsequently was declared the sole legal political organization in the country. In 1964 the Party of the National Liberation Front was formed from the FLN.


National Liberation Front


(Ethnikon Apeleutheroti-kon Metopon; EAM), an organization uniting the patriotic forces of Greece during World War II.

EAM was founded on Sept. 27, 1941, at the initiative of the Communist Party of Greece (CPG). Its principal aims were to liberate Greece from the fascist German occupiers, secure the country’s complete independence, and form a provisional government in which each of its constituent political parties would be represented. It wanted the question of the ultimate form of government of Greece to be decided by the Greeks themselves.

EAM organized the Greek resistance movement and, in December 1941, formed the Greek National Popular Liberation Army (ELAS). It was also responsible for the Athens General Strike of 1943. In the same year it laid the foundations for a popular democratic regime in the liberated areas of the country. On Mar. 10, 1944, in accordance with a resolution of the Central Committee of EAM, the Political Committee of National Liberation was established; it in effect performed the functions of a provisional democratic government. By October 1944, when Greece was liberated from the fascist German occupation forces, more than 1.8 million people were united in support of EAM.

On Apr. 24, 1945, EAM became a political bloc of left-wing parties, such as the CPG, the Agrarian Party, and the Democratic Party. An antidemocratic law of Dec. 27,1947, banned the EAM bloc.

References in periodicals archive ?
Many in the Occupied Territories, among them a significant number of women activists, began talking about the democratization of Palestinian society, and worked to formulate strategies for national liberation alongside those for social liberation.
The ONLF and its armed wing, the Ogaden National Liberation Army (ONLA) has long been designated as a terrorist group by the Ethiopian government.
The armed wing of the ONLF is the Ogaden National Liberation Army (ONLA) has been designated a terrorist group by the Ethiopian government.
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By Tesfa-Alem Tekle Sept 18,2010 (ADDIS ABABA) -- Ethiopia says its forces have killed 123 fighters of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), a rebel movement fighting for the independence of the Ogaden region in eastern Ethiopia, which has promising oil prospects.
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle August 24,2010 (ADDIS ABABA) -- The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), a separatist rebel group who fights for the eastern region's right to self-determination has denied a recent statement from the Ethiopian government alleging that a peace accord with ONLF guerillas would be signed in October.
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle Aug 20, 2010 (ADDIS ABABA) -- The Ethiopian government said today that negotiations are in progress to reach an agreement with the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) - who have fought for the eastern regions right to self-determination since 1984.
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle August 5, 2010 (ADDIS ABABA) -- The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the United Western Somali Liberation Front (UWSLF) have vowed to engage themselves in developmental activities, for the prevalence of peace of the country in general and to the people of Somali state in particular.
The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) in a statement on Wednesday said that, any attempt by foreign oil companies to explore at the region will be considered as collaboration with government's ongoing atrocities up on the Ogaden people.
In the ongoing fight for freedom and national dignity, in the early morning hours of 9 May 2015 the forces of the National Liberation Army attacked the Macedonian police which had been terrorizing the civilian population for days," the communique number 3 of the NLA published by Bot Sot says.
and Democratic Republic of Congo forces seized several rebel bases in an offensive launched Monday against a Burundi rebel group, the National Liberation Forces (FNL), the U.
Bangalore, June 22 ( ANI ): In a major breakthrough, the Bangalore and Meghalaya police carried out a combined operation and arrested Rafiush Sangma, the vice chairman of the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA).

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