National Military Parks

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"This is one of many national military parks that was created under the false assumption that the land would always be farmland and that we only needed to protect earthworks and parts that were monuments.
Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park lies in another recently suburbanized area near Washington, D.C.
As time went by, many of the original Civil War battlefields were developed into National Military Parks. The national cemeteries were transferred from military to civilian control, and their recognized significance as sacred heritage sites secured them for the nation whilst simultaneously, in theory at least, maintaining them as separate from the changes that the nation was undergoing.
Coverage includes 13 national parks, several non-park parkways, and four national military parks. The drawings are presented as full-page b&w plates in an oversize, horizontal volume (17.5x11.5").
Additionally, 'Special Interest Parks' are grouped into National Military Parks; national Historic Sites; National Rivers; National Seashores; and 'Off the Beaten Trail.
(18.) Regulations for the National Military Parks and the Statues under which They Are Organized and Are Administered (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1915), 17; Gettysburg National Park Commission, "Office of the Commissioners, Record Books of Legislation, 1873-1921," box 1 (GETT 41148), GNPC Records.
At this time the National Park Service assumed control of twelve national battlefields, eleven national military parks, two national parks, and three memorials.
The 1915 Regulations for the National Military Parks reinforced this purpose, stating that "in order to obtain practical benefits of great value to the country from the establishment of national military parks, said parks and their approaches are hereby declared to be national fields for military maneuvers for the Regular Army of the United States and the National Guard or Militia of the States." (18) During World War I, portions of the battlefield were used for infantry and tank instruction under the leadership of Capt.
In "an effort to limit controversy over the war," writes Smith, Congress in the 1890s created national military parks at Antietam, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Shiloh, and elsewhere.
Visiting Shiloh National Military Park last Fourth of July weekend, I was apprehensive about having to wade through crowds to see the Hornet's Nest, the Peach Orchard, the Sunken Road, and other highlights of the Tennessee battlefield.
They first offer a concise and invaluable overview of a complex mix of battlefield preservation efforts, beginning with the acquisition of five national cemeteries - Chickamauga/Chattanooga, Antietam, Shiloh, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg - during the 1890s and continuing to the present (some sixteen Civil War battlefields are presently protected within national military parks).

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