National Optical Astronomy Observatory


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National Optical Astronomy Observatory

(NOAO) A US organization bringing under one administration the national facilities for optical astronomy at Kitt Peak National Observatory, Arizona; Cerro Tololo Inter–American Observatory, Chile; and Sacramento Peak Observatory, New Mexico. The National Solar Observatory, formerly run by the NOAO, now has its own director. Founded in 1982, the NOAO was set up to consolidate all the groundbased optical astronomy observatories under the control of the US Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), a consortium of US universities under contract to the National Science Foundation. The headquarters of the NOAO are in Tucson, Arizona. The NOAO also represents the US astronomical community in the International Gemini Project through its NOAO Gemini Science Center at Tucson (see Gemini Telescopes).
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Kitt Peak National Optical Astronomy Observatory has 24 telescopes aimed skyward around the city's perimeter, and its cadre of astronomers needs a dark sky to work with.
During the 1950s and early 1960s, establishment of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) in Tucson, Arizona, and construction of several observatories on nearby Kitt Peak, finally gave all U.S.
"Expecting to find a black hole in every galaxy is sort of like expecting to find a pit inside a peach," explained astronomer Tod Lauer of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory in Tucson, USA, a co-author of the Hubble study.
Tiede of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory in Tucson, Ariz., along with John Carr of the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C., used the infrared instrument to examine brown dwarfs in a cluster of Milky Way stars known as IC 348.
The National Optical Astronomy Observatory in Tucson, Ariz., helps to establish and operate astronomical research facilities.
To institute this effort, Howell and his team-which included Elliott Horch (Southern Connecticut State University, SCSU), Mark Everett (National Optical Astronomy Observatory, NOAO), and David Ciardi (NASA Exoplanet Science Institute/Caltech) -- temporarily installed a camera, called the Differential Speckle Survey Instrument (DSSI), among the suite of instruments mounted on the Gemini telescope.
Douglas Isbell is associate director for public affairs and educational outreach for the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the U.S.
The team spotted the cluster in a search using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope in combination with archival optical images taken as part of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory's Deep Wide Field Survey at the Kitt Peak National Observatory, Tucson, Ariz.
The National Optical Astronomy Observatory, as it's now called, continues to be a major force, not only on Kitt Peak but at other sites and sometimes in collaboration with other institutions and consortia.
"It turns out that buckyballs are much more common and abundant in the universe than initially thought," said astronomer Letizia Stanghellini of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory in Tucson, Ariz.
By using a new image-processing technique, a team led by Armin Rest (National Optical Astronomy Observatory) has observed expanding light echoes from four supernovae located within the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), including Supernova 1987A.
It was discovered in the constellation Cetus (just south of Pisces) with the National Optical Astronomy Observatory's (NOAO) 4-m Blanco telescope in Chile in November of 2007 during the last weeks of the six-year ESSENCE project.

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