National Peasant Party

National Peasant Party

 

(NPP; Partidul Naţional-tărănesc), a bourgeois-landlord party in Rumania from 1926 to 1947. Among its leaders were I. Maniu, A. Vaida, and I. Mihal-ache. The party was formed through a merger of the National Party, founded in Transylvania in 1881, and the Peasant Party, founded in 1918. The NPP represented the interests of the industrial bourgeoisie, with ties to foreign capital, and the large landholders. The party was in power from November 1928 to November 1933, with the exception of the period from April 1931 to May 1932.

The NPP’s program, promulgated in 1935, was based on the idea of a “peasant state.” Demogogic appeals for such a state enabled the party to retain its influence over a large segment of the peasantry. Governments formed by the NPP suppressed demonstrations by the Rumanian working people, including the miners’ strike at Lupeni in August 1929 and the strike of workers at the railroad repair shops in Griviţa in February 1933. The leaders of the NPP contributed to the rise of fascism in Rumania and helped draw the country into the war against the USSR. In 1944–45 several representatives of the NPP were members of a government dominated by a reactionary majority. The leaders of the NPP opposed democratic reforms and encouraged the activity of reactionary gangs. In July 1947 the NPP was disbanded by a resolution of the Rumanian parliament.

REFERENCE

Fătu, M. Sfirşit fără glorie. Bucharest, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bibo was aware of the conflicting conceptions of national belongingness in Hungarian society, but, as a member of the National Peasant Party (NPP), which re-formed in 1944 to represent the small peasants and the landless agricultural labourers, he regarded with optimism the prospects of addressing some of the underlying structural contradictions by rebuilding the country's shattered economy on a more egalitarian basis.
Atrocities might not even have occurred, she suggests, if the parties of the coalition government (the Smallholders' Party, the National Peasant Party, the Social Democratic Party and the Communist Party) had countered the years of antisemitic propaganda by educating the public.
Of all these measures, the main concern of the National Peasant Party was to ensure the modernization and development of the agriculture.
They have not approached Ratiu in this regard, because the millionaire is the parliamentary leader of the National Peasant Party.

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