National Peasant Party

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

National Peasant Party


(NPP; Partidul Naţional-tărănesc), a bourgeois-landlord party in Rumania from 1926 to 1947. Among its leaders were I. Maniu, A. Vaida, and I. Mihal-ache. The party was formed through a merger of the National Party, founded in Transylvania in 1881, and the Peasant Party, founded in 1918. The NPP represented the interests of the industrial bourgeoisie, with ties to foreign capital, and the large landholders. The party was in power from November 1928 to November 1933, with the exception of the period from April 1931 to May 1932.

The NPP’s program, promulgated in 1935, was based on the idea of a “peasant state.” Demogogic appeals for such a state enabled the party to retain its influence over a large segment of the peasantry. Governments formed by the NPP suppressed demonstrations by the Rumanian working people, including the miners’ strike at Lupeni in August 1929 and the strike of workers at the railroad repair shops in Griviţa in February 1933. The leaders of the NPP contributed to the rise of fascism in Rumania and helped draw the country into the war against the USSR. In 1944–45 several representatives of the NPP were members of a government dominated by a reactionary majority. The leaders of the NPP opposed democratic reforms and encouraged the activity of reactionary gangs. In July 1947 the NPP was disbanded by a resolution of the Rumanian parliament.


Fătu, M. Sfirşit fără glorie. Bucharest, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The political orientation, or, better said, the political tagging, was the most important element in the documents of the repressive institution of the Romanian State, from the general tag of political refugee to the tag of legionary, which were particularly targeted, members of the National Peasants' Party, liberals or social democrats, the diplomats also belonging to a special category, that of the "reactionary trends" and which, even if not all of them belonged to a political party, "maintain an unfavourable atmosphere towards the homeland regime" (8).
From a political party's point of view, the main power was detained by the members of the National Peasants' Party which were the majority and then, in a lesser measure by the liberals and social democrats that had fewer personalities with significant say, reality reflected by the Securitate documents.
For instance, Dinu Adamesteanu, during his years as secretary of the Romanian Academy, established liaisons with the homeland by the diplomatic courier of the Italian Embassy at Bucharest, reality which was well known by the Securitate, Augustin Popa corresponded with members of the National Peasants' Party by means of the Apostolic Nunciature from Romania, and Ilie Olteanu by "Nicolae, the diplomatic courier from the Ministry of External Affairs" (11).
The Coordination department was based on the activity of the National Peasants' Party representatives in the peninsula, Augustin Popa, and of two other scholarship owners from the Romanian School from Rome, Puiu Cucu and Scarlat Lambrino.
In its rush to tag them politically, the Securitate classified differently its political adversaries, the Greek-Catholic priest Aloisie Tautu being labelled as "Manist", probably by association to the belonging to the PNT National Peasants' Party of the majority of the personalities involved in the institutionalized politics from Italy, but also as a legionary sympathiser, due to the fact that he helped the members of the Legionary Movement, which was an "ideological" exaggeration; actually the help being offered generally speaking to all of the exiled.
The results of the elections from December 1937 were: 35,92%--the National Liberal Party; 20,4%--the National Peasants' Party; 15,58%--the Party "Everything for the Country"; 9,15%--the National Christian Party (Scurtu, 2005: 40).
Toni (as representatives of the former National Peasants' Party), G.
Between the significant leaders of the National Peasants' Party that asked the registration in the NRF, there can be mentioned--Demostene Botez, C.
The authorities were interested not only in increasing the number of those that joined the single party, but also had a strong point of view regarding the weakening the local organizations of the National Liberal Party and the National Peasants' Party. This second concern came as a natural consequence of the information according to which some representatives of these two political parties, although theoretically dissolved, still had a big influence on the population, an influence that in some areas was used against the Front.
The leader of National Peasants' Party, Iuliu Maniu kept an intransigent position against the royal political body, explaining this new situation, in a letter sent to Constantine Argetoianu, in early November, 1939 (Bruja, 2006: 189).
But after the fusion between the Peasants' Party and the National Party and the birth of the National Peasants' Party in 1926, they opted for a social solidarity as a concept of social concert, meant to reconcile the individual with the society.

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