National Road


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National Road,

U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St. Louis and was the great highway of Western migration. Agitation for a road to the West began c.1800. Congress approved the route and appointed a committee to plan details in 1806. Contracts were given in 1811, but the War of 1812 intervened, and construction did not begin until 1815. The first section (called the Cumberland Road) was built of crushed stone. Opened in 1818, it ran from Cumberland to Wheeling, W.Va., following in part the Native American trail known as Nemacolin's PathNemacolin's Path
, Native American trail between the Potomac and the Monongahela rivers, going from the site of Cumberland, Md., to the mouth of Redstone Creek, where Brownsville, Pa., is situated.
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. Largely through the efforts of Henry Clay it was continued (1825–33) westward through Ohio, using part of the road built by Ebenezer Zane. By this time the older part of the road was badly in need of repair. Control of the road was therefore turned over to the states through which it passed, where tolls for maintenance were collected. It was carried on to Vandalia, Ill., and finally to St. Louis. The old route became part of U.S. Highway 40. At points on the road copies of a statue called the Madonna of the Trail have been erected to honor the pioneer women who went West over the National Road.

Bibliography

See P. D. Jordan, The National Road (1948).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The recommended alternative would be to take the National Road 10 from Assaki until the intersection with National Road 7, then taking National Road 7 until the village of Ighrem.
These decrees concern, in particular, the construction, in the governorate of Gafsa, of a bridge at Oued El Kebir, at the level of National Road No.
Summary: Hai Duong [Vietnam], Jan 22 (ANI): At least nine people were killed and three were injured when a truck ploughed into a group of pedestrians crossing a national road to attend a funeral on Monday.
As the chief guest, he was addressing the launching ceremony of Pakistan National Road Safety Strategy 2018-2030 arranged with the cooperation of UK-Aid and Asian Development Bank (ADB), at a local hotel here on Thursday.
WASHINGTON, DC: Over 500,000 people living adjacent to sections of National Road 13 will benefit from the improvements planned in the National Road 13 Improvement and Maintenance Project.
Auto Business News-April 24, 2018--Renault launches National Road Safety Week
The meeting was convened to review national road safety plan with main emphasis on reducing accidents on national highways.
ISLAMABAD -- Federal ombudsman has decided in a bid to resolve the road safety issues in Pakistan asked Ministry of Communication to set up National Steering Committee for formulation of National Road Safety Plan for Highways and Motorways of Pakistan by taking all stakeholders and provincial governments on board and to submit the same in 30 days.
ISLAMABAD -- Federal Ombudsman, in a bid to resolve the road safety issues, has asked Ministry of Communication to set up National Steering Committee for formulation of National Road Safety for Highways and Motorways of Pakistan by including all stakeholders and provincial governments and to submit National Road Safety Plan in 30 days.
Wessie van der Westhuizen, Managing Director of NBL said: "The festive season is in full swing and with the same voice as the Namibian Police, the MVA Fund, the National Road Safety Council and other key players in road safety, NBL requests all road users to take extra care and be cautious at all times."
Among the roads affected by upgrades, the National Road 7 connecting Melloula to the Algerian border on 16.6 kilometers and National Roads 11 and 6, over 4km and 8km, respectively.
In an apparent U-turn on policy announced by Transport Secretary Ruth Kelly last week, the Chancellor said he was preparing the way for a national road pricing scheme and set aside cash for initial experiments.

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