National Science Foundation


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National Science Foundation

(NSF), an independent agency in the executive branch of the U.S. federal government concerned with promoting a national science policy by supporting basic research and education in science. The National Science Board is the policy-making body of the NSF. It consists of 25 members appointed by the president with the consent of Congress. Founded in 1950, the NSF does not conduct research of its own but makes support grants to qualified educational and nonprofit institutions and awards fellowships to individual scientists, teachers, and students. The foundation supports projects in the mathematical, physical, medical, biological, social, and engineering sciences, including the U.S. Antarctic Program, the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, and programs in global geoscience. It supports the development of improved science curriculum materials and fosters the interchange of scientific ideas nationally and internationally. Among the more important permanent NSF-supported facilities are: National Center for Atmospheric Research (Boulder, Colo.), National Radio Astronomy ObservatoryNational Radio Astronomy Observatory
(NRAO), federal observatory for radio astronomy, founded in 1956 and operated under contract with the National Science Foundation by Associated Universities, Inc., a group of major universities. The headquarters are at Charlottesville, Va.
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 (Green Bank, W.Va.), Kitt Peak National ObservatoryKitt Peak National Observatory,
astronomical observatory located southwest of Tucson, Ariz.; it was founded in 1958 under contract with the National Science Foundation and is administered by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy.
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 (Tucson, Ariz.), National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (Arecibo, Puerto Rico; see Arecibo ObservatoryArecibo Observatory,
radio-astronomy facility located near Arecibo, Puerto Rico, part of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center. Conceived by, designed by, and built under the supervision of William E. Gordon, it was completed in 1963 and is now operated by the Univ.
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), and Cerro Tololo Inter-American ObservatoryCerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory
, astronomical observatory located on Cerro Tololo peak, Chile, with offices in La Serena, about 40 mi (64 km) to the west. Funded by the U.S.
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 (La Serena, Chile).
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National Science Foundation

(body)
(NSF) A US government agency that promotes the advancement of science by funding science researchers, scientific projects and infrastructure to improve the quality of scientific research. The NSFNET is funded by NSF.

http://nsf.org/.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mellon Foundation and the National Science Foundation (NSF), respectively, were created to address this problem.
Had she been able to find and deliver to her readers the full stories of Janet Nicholas, the key member of the 1997 Board of Education; Williamson Evers, an anti-progressivist political scientist at the Hoover Institution and one of the pioneering voices against the California dreams of the 1990s; and Luther Williams, the head of the National Science Foundation division that was responsible for the sillier math programs of the 1990s, she could have amplified her story immeasurably beyond her diary of their public pronouncements.
This summer I participated in just such an opportunity: the Global Climate Change and Society Program, a Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) sponsored by the National Science Foundation and held in Boulder, Colorado.
One of the earliest examples of a Grid is the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Project (SETI), a private research effort funded by NASA, the National Science Foundation, private industry, and various research organizations and charitable foundations.
The European Union, the Carnegie Institute, the National Science Foundation and other institutions have all chosen northern Chile for their undertakings.
The National Science Foundation should support the development of one or more assessment tools for monitoring the state of technological literacy among students and the public in the United States.
Partially funded by the National Science Foundation, this year's course focused on the methods and applications of low-energy neutron spectroscopy, an experimental technique widely used to study the motion of atoms, molecules and magnetic moments in a variety of condensed matter systems (mostly solids).
The lack of efforts to study context, recommended by some authorities on evaluation research design (National Science Foundation, 1997; Patton, 1990), were particularly problematic because of potential confounding variables that were not addressed methodologically in the Hutchinson study.
SDSC is funded by the National Science Foundation through NPACI and other federal agencies, the state and University of California, and private organizations.
It's being practiced effectively at the National Science Foundation and the Social Security Administration, according to a panel of government financial managers.
Antarctic research bases run by the National Science Foundation. He is using tweezers to point into a tray full of partly digested krill on the lab table in front of him.
National Science Board approved an interim report titled Environmental Science and Engineering for the 21st Century: The Role of the National Science Foundation, which recommends an initiative to implement nearly all of the activities proposed for a National Institute for the Environment (NIE).

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