National Security Agency


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National Security Agency

(NSA), an independent agency within the U.S. Dept. of Defense. Founded by presidential order in 1952, its primary functions are to collect and analyze communications intelligence information and data and to protect the security of U.S. national security systems and information. The NSA also engages in antiterrorist computer network operations. The agency includes the Central Security Service, established in 1972 to promote a full partnership between the NSA and the cryptological elements of the armed forces, and the National Cryptologic School. As a result of 9/119/11,
the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, in the United States, and the associated events and impact of those attacks.

The attacks, which were carried out by agents of Al Qaeda (a militant Islamic terrorist group led by Osama bin Laden) used three hijacked commercial
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, the agency significantly expanded its collection and analysis of communications in an effort to thwart terrorist organizations and attacks; some of the NSA's resulting programs, such as the mass collection of the domestic telecommunications records (later banned by Congress), were controversial. In 2009 the U.S. Cyber Command was established under the Strategic Command (see under Strategic Air CommandStrategic Air Command
(SAC), former command of the U.S. air force (see Air Force, United States Department of the) charged with organizing, training, equipping, administering, and preparing strategic air forces for combat; it was headquartered at Offutt Air Force Base.
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) with the head of the NSA as its head. Headquartered in Fort Meade, Md., the NSA is the largest employer of mathematicians in the country. Its director must be a military officer. For many years the NSA was the most hidden of U.S. intelligence agencies; its large budget was secret and its existence barely acknowledged. In addition to its Fort Meade headquarters, the NSA has facilities in a number of other states and countries.

Bibliography

See J. Bamford, The Puzzle Palace (1982) and Body of Secrets (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], July 13 ( ANI ): National Security Advisor Ajit Doval will visit China for Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) National Security Agency (NSA) meet later this month.
Al-Fadhel extended deepest congratulations, on behalf of all National Security Agency staff, to HRH the Premier, praying to Allah the Almighty to bless him with abundant health and well-being to continue serving the nation and achieve further stability and progress for the Kingdom of Bahrain and its loyal people, in the prosperous era of His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa.
The Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Agency both declined to comment on the allegations.
Last December The New York Times revealed that the super-secretive National Security Agency (NSA) had listened in on Americans' international communications without a warrant.
Russell Tice worked for 20 years inside the National Security Agency, specializing in "special access programs," which are also called "black world" operations.
The effort is within scope of the existing contract and necessitated by requirement/design changes that meet National Security Agency (NSA) security requirements that have been validated by Air Force Space Command, AFSPC/DRN.
"To a good approximation, every computer in the world is connected to every other computer -- with few exceptions," says Robert Morris, chief scientist at the National Security Agency. That level of sharing brings with it both great benefits and serious problems.
22 (BNA): His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, today met Shaikh Talal bin Mohamed Al Khalifa, the newly appointed Head of the National Security Agency, at Gudaiybia Palace.
Speaking at the Net Prophet event in Cape Town, Assange said from the Ecuadorian embassy in London that on one hand, one can see a tendency toward totalising and centralisation that is represented by what is happening at the National Security Agency and by organisations - whether they like it or not, and sometimes it appears they do - that have to feed in to the National Security Agency such as Google, News 24 reports.
On October 5, Pervomayskiy District Court of Bishkek sentenced the MPs for 2 months in the detention facility of the national security agency.
Recently, National Security Agency historian Robert Hanyok added a new detail to the discussion: Not only was there no attack, but the majority of the intelligence intercepts indicating this fact were suppressed before they even got to Johnson's desk.

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