National Security Council


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National Security Council

(NSC), federal executive council responsible for planning, coordinating, and evaluating the defense policies of the United States and also exercising direction over the Central Intelligence AgencyCentral Intelligence Agency
(CIA), independent executive bureau of the U.S. government established by the National Security Act of 1947, replacing the wartime Office of Strategic Services (1942–45), the first U.S. espionage and covert operations agency.
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 (CIA). Created in 1947 by the National Security Act (amended in 1949), the council's formal members are the president, the vice president, the secretary of state, and the secretary of defense. The director of national intelligence (formerly, the director of the CIA), the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the president's national security adviser (the assistant to the president for national security affairs, who is also the director of the NSC), and the deputy adviser usually attend as invited guests. Although President Eisenhower used the NSC as the centerpiece of his security policy apparatus, other presidents have relied more heavily on ad hoc organizations and special assistants. Prominent NSC directors have included Henry KissingerKissinger, Henry Alfred
, 1923–, American political scientist and U.S. secretary of state (1973–77), b. Germany. He emigrated to the United States in 1938. A leading expert on international relations and nuclear defense policy, Kissinger taught (1957–69) at
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 and Zbigniew BrzezinskiBrzezinski, Zbigniew Kazimierz
, 1928–2017, American political scientist and public official, b. Warsaw, Poland, grad. Harvard (Ph.D, 1953). The son of a diplomat, he was raised in Canada and became (1958) a U.S. citizen.
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. The council also has a civilian staff that is headed by an executive secretary appointed by the president.

Bibliography

See study by D. J. Rothkopf (2005).

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References in periodicals archive ?
National Security Council discussions are only attended by senior ministers and security officials who first sign the Official Secrets Act that commits them to keep conversations private or risk prosecution.
"That's why this issue was included in the agenda of the National Security Council meeting," he said.
The Office of the National Security Council also added that the National Defense and Security Forces have been instructed to increase raids against the Taliban across the country in a bid to ensure the safety of the people and reduce the casualties of the security forces.
New Delhi [India], Oct 10 ( ANI ): The central government has set up the Strategic Policy Group (SPG) headed by National Security Advisor Ajit Doval to assist the National Security Council, which advises Prime Minister Narendra Modi on matters of national security and strategic interests.
The need of the hour is to first define the boundaries of the National Security Council and then allow its military officials to work in tandem with government representatives in a way that obeys the supremacy of the civilian government, instead of dictating it to pander to the military's ego.
The petitioner said a meeting of the National Security Council was held to discuss the misleading statement and after the meeting the then prime minister Abbasi met Nawaz Sharif and conveyed to him the concerns of the military leadership and minutes of the meeting.
He said that Abbasi, instead of taking any action, supported the stance of Sharif and shared with him details of the National Security Council meeting.
The lawyer pleaded that the disqualified premier committed sedition by rejecting the statement of the National Security Council and was liable for an action as directed in the Constitution as well as in Pakistan Penal Code.
The deposed PM said that a National Security Council meeting should be convened to discuss the threats that come with Lt-GenAsad Durrani's new book with former RAW chief.
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By DAVID MWEREThe National Security Council, which President Uhuru Kenyatta chairs, was behind the shutdown of three TV stations in January, ICT Cabinet Secretary Joe Mucheru said Tuesday.Mr Mucheru told the Senate committee on Information Communication and Technology that his ministry had nothing to do with the shutdown, saying the matter was a national security issue beyond the scope of his docket.

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