Joyce Ross, "Mary McLeod Bethune and the National Youth Administration: A Case Study of Power Relationships in the Black Cabinet of Franklin D.
For a detailed discussion of Mary McLeod Bethune's role in the government during the New Deal see Ross' "Mary McLeod Bethune and the National Youth Administration ..." and Weiss' Farewell to the Party of Lincoln.
There he attracted the attention of President Roosevelt, who named him Texas state director of the National Youth Administration
In 1938, 4.3 million people were employed in agencies such as the Works Projects Administration, the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the National Youth Administration
. To employ the same fraction of the labor force today, more than 9 million jobs would have to be provided.
Joe completed his course work by the end of his third year at Curtis, was already playing in the National Youth Administration
Orchestra, and won a position as principal horn of the National Symphony.
Yet a closer look at his early political career, particularly his stint as state director for the National Youth Administration (NYA) in Texas, suggests a deeper commitment to civil rights than this simple narrative of personal and political evolution would indicate.
There are a few works, most notably Robert Dallek's Lone Star Rising and Christie Bourgeois's "Stepping over Lines: Lyndon Johnson, Black Texans, and the National Youth Administration," that have argued otherwise, finding a laudable record on civil rights in Johnson's NYA tenure, one rooted in a genuine commitment to equality.
It is reasonable to assume that she would not have embraced any white Southern political figure unless it was merited, and yet she embraced Johnson, holding him, noted an NYA assistant director, "in far greater esteem than she did some of our other southern youth administrators." (89) When LBJ left the NYA for Congress, Bethune wrote him a letter of praise, remarking on "the outstanding success of your program with the National Youth Administration ...
Robert Weaver, who would later serve as the nation's first African American cabinet member, was working for the New Deal in the 1930s when he began to hear stories about a Texas NYA director who was "shocking some people up on the Hill because he thought that the National Youth Administration benefits ought to go to poor folks ...
(National Youth Administration
) school in Pierre, S.D., from March of 1943 until the first part of July.
government (director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration
), she played a major role in focusing attention on a variety of Black problems.
In 1935, Congress established the National Youth Administration
, which gave high school students jobs as clerks, janitors, and gardeners for up to $6 a month.