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see Neolithic periodNeolithic period
or New Stone Age.
The term neolithic is used, especially in archaeology and anthropology, to designate a stage of cultural evolution or technological development characterized by the use of stone tools, the existence of settled villages largely
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; Mesolithic periodMesolithic period
or Middle Stone Age,
period in human development between the end of the Paleolithic period and the beginning of the Neolithic period. It began with the end of the last glacial period over 10,000 years ago and evolved into the Neolithic period; this
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References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, Abu Hurayra archaeological site which dates back to the Mesolithic Period (Middle Stone Age) documented the origins and development of Natufian villages in the surrounding area of the Euphrates River, the transition to permanent agricultural communities, animal domestication and building houses and villages.
The site is located in the Raqefet cave south of Haifa in today's northern Israel that also served as a burial site for the Natufian people.
As part of the study, archeologists analyzed three stone mortars from a 13,000-year-old Natufian burial cave site in Israel.
Belfer-Cohen (1988) observes that the practice of cranial retrieval in the Levant dates back to the Natufian at Hayonim Cave, Upper Galilee, and to the PPNA at Netiv Hagdud in the Jordan Valley.
They said, "The puppy, unique among Natufian burials, offers proof that an affectionate rather than gastronomic relationship existed between it and the buried person." Offers proof?
Late Stone Age Natufian rules never die out, it seems.
Kahn, who explains that a research team at Simon Fraser University has added credence to a 60-year-old theory that "some early humans grew and stored grain for beer, even before they cultivated it for bread." Complimenting Mexican anthropological studies of teosinte (the ancestral grass that became domesticated maize), the SFU researchers analyzed the beer-brewing potential of stone fermentation cones and other tools from the remains of Natufian peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean (circa 10,000 years ago).
Counting on this assumption, the current study relied on published archaeological reports and manuscripts on the Jordanian archaeological sites that span the period from about 12,500 BC (the beginning of the Natufian period) to 332 BC (the end of the Iron Age) (Fig.