public utility

(redirected from Natural gas utility)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial.
Related to Natural gas utility: Utility companies

public utility:

see utility, publicutility, public,
industry required by law to render adequate service in its field at reasonable prices to all who apply for it. Public utilities frequently operate as monopolies in their market.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

utility, public,

industry required by law to render adequate service in its field at reasonable prices to all who apply for it. Public utilities frequently operate as monopolies in their market. In the United States, public utilities are most commonly involved in the business of supplying consumers with water, electricity, telephone, natural gas, and other necessary services. Such an industry is said to be "affected with a public interest" and therefore subject to a degree of government regulation from which other businesses are exempt.

Opinions differ as to the characteristics that an industry must possess to merit classification as a public utility, since all industries in a sense serve the public. By its nature a public utility is often a monopoly and as such is not prevented by competing companies from charging exorbitant prices. It usually operates under a license or franchise by which it enjoys special privileges, such as the right of eminent domain. Finally, it may supply an essential service, such as water or light, the unavailability of which would injuriously affect public health and welfare. From an early period there was public regulation of canals, turnpikes, toll roads and ferries, inns, gristmills, and pawnshops. Docks, sleeping cars, commodity exchanges, warehouses, insurance companies, banks, housing, milk, coal mines, and (in the 20th cent.) broadcasting, are other types of goods and services held to be affected with public interest. Important utilities that satisfy the vital needs of large populations include water, gas, and electric companies; transportation facilities, such as subways, bus lines, and railroads; and communication facilities, such as telephones and telegraphs. In most European nations such industries have often been owned by the state, although many have been privatized in recent years. In the United States, however, many public utilities are privately owned.

Regulation of Utilities

Public utility rates and standards of service are established by direct legislation and are administered by state regulatory commissions and by such federal agencies as the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Securities and Exchange CommissionSecurities and Exchange Commission
(SEC), agency of the U.S. government created by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and charged with protecting the interests of the public and investors in connection with the public issuance and sale of corporate securities.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (SEC), and the Federal Communications CommissionFederal Communications Commission
(FCC), independent executive agency of the U.S. government established in 1934 to regulate interstate and foreign communications in the public interest.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (FCC). These federal agencies supervise utilities conducting interstate business. Rates are subject to review by the courts, which have held that they must provide a "fair" return on a "fair" valuation of investment. How valuation is to be determined, whether on the basis of prudent investment, present earning power, or present cost of production, has been the subject of much controversy. That a utility may not earn excessive profits is an established principle of regulation. The means of regulation include supervision of accounting and control of security issues.

Municipalities dissatisfied with the results of public regulation of privately owned local utilities have often acquired ownership of such enterprises, especially in the case of urban public transportation systems (see public ownershippublic ownership,
government ownership of lands, streets, public buildings, utilities, and other business enterprises. The theory that all land and its resources belong ultimately to the people and therefore to the government is very ancient.
..... Click the link for more information.
). To keep rates down and make utilities available to more people, the United States has formed public corporations or agencies, such as the Tennessee Valley AuthorityTennessee Valley Authority
(TVA), independent U.S. government corporate agency, created in 1933 by act of Congress; it is responsible for the integrated development of the Tennessee River basin.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which also has served as a yardstick for measuring the efficiency of privately owned utilities, and the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak; see railroadrailroad
or railway,
form of transportation most commonly consisting of steel rails, called tracks, on which trains of freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock are drawn by one locomotive or more.
..... Click the link for more information.
), which operates virtually all intercity passenger rail lines in the United States.

In the 1970s and 80s, U.S. government agencies broke up some utilities and deregulated others. In 1974 an antitrust suit was filed against American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T); in 1982 the company settled the suit by agreeing to divest itself (1984) of 22 local telephone operating companies. In return, AT&T was given the right to enter new businesses. Since then federal regulators have made it easier for companies to enter the telecommunications industry and for phone companies to set rates for long-distance services. Legislation passed in 1978 partially deregulated natural gas prices in 1985 and legislation passed in the late 1970s and early 80s deregulated trucking, railroad, and airline rates, which had been set by the federal government.

In the 1990s state regulators began to end utilities' monopolies, by permitting business and residential consumers to select utilities (primarily electricity and gas suppliers) based on rates and service; lower rates were expected to result. Such deregulatory efforts have not been entirely successful. In 2000–2001, parts of California experienced an energy crisis that was due, at least in part, to the way deregulation had been set up several years earlier, The deregulated electrical companies had been required to divest themselves of their power plants and purchase power on the spot market (rather than through long-term contracts) and were not allowed to pass the price increases they eventually experienced along to consumers. Evidence also later emerged that other deregulated energy companies had contributed to the crisis through market manipulation and price gouging.

Tighter regulatory controls designed to limit acid rainacid rain
or acid deposition,
form of precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, or hail) containing high levels of sulfuric or nitric acids (pH below 5.5–5.6).
..... Click the link for more information.
 and other environmental problems have, however, been imposed on electricity companies that run coal-fired generators or nuclear power plants. The cable television industry, which had been regulated by local governments, was deregulated in 1984, and cable operators were allowed to set their own rates. Consumer complaints, however, led to a 1992 law that allowed the FCC to regulate cable rates.

Bibliography

See E. Hungerford, The Story of Public Utilities (1928); M. Crew, The Economics of Public Utility Regulation (1986); L. Hyman, America's Electric Utilities: Past, Present and Future (1988).

public utility

[′pəb·lik yü′til·əd·ē]
(industrial engineering)
A business organization considered by law to be vested with public interest and subject to public regulation.

public utility

A public service such as water, gas, electricity, telephone, sewers, etc.

public utility

an enterprise concerned with the provision to the public of essentials, such as electricity or water
References in periodicals archive ?
"SoCalGas continues to demonstrate great leadership with their goal to be the cleanest natural gas utility in the country," said Alicia Berhow, Senior Vice President of Government Affairs of OCBC.
DTE Energy (NYSE :DTE), a Detroit-based diversified energy company, is decreasing methane emissions from its natural gas utility operations by more than 80 percent by 2040.
It blended classroom and hands-on training to provide a basic understanding and awareness of natural gas, the natural gas utility and pipeline industry, associated equipment, procedures, and operations.
Black Hills Corp announced its Wyoming natural gas utility, Black Hills Gas Distribution, LLC, filed for a certificate of public convenience and necessity on May 18 with the Wyoming Public Service Commission to construct a new 35-mile natural gas pipeline to enhance reliability of supply for approximately 57K in its Casper Division in central Wyoming.
South Jersey Industries is an energy services holding company comprised of a natural gas utility, South Jersey Gas, which serves approximately 381,000 residential, commercial and industrial customers in the seven southernmost counties of New Jersey.
Kansas natural gas utility Black Hills Energy today announced the promotion of Nick Gardner to general manager for the companys Kansas state operations.
(NYSE MKT: EGAS), a holding company operating local natural gas utility companies serving approximately 67,000 natural gas customers in six states, has announced a monthly dividend.
* PGW customers pay about $183 a year to support customers participating in the company's low-income programs, which is about $128 more than the natural gas utility average.
23 July 2014 - US natural gas distributor The Laclede Group Inc (NYSE:LG) said it had obtained clearance from the Alabama Public Service Commission (APSC) for its planned USD1.6bn (EUR1.2bn) acquisition of oil and gas explorer Energen Corp's (NYSE:EGN) natural gas utility unit Alabama Gas Corporation, or Alagasco.
Its operating units include an electric utility serving 2.2 million customers in Southeastern Michigan and a natural gas utility serving 1.3m customers in Michigan.
The Choice Gas selection period gives customers an easy way to choose the supplier and price option that suits them best to help manage their monthly natural gas utility bills, said Shirley Welte, vice president of electric and natural gas operations for Black Hills Energy-Wyoming.
AGA President and CEO Dave McCurdy said, "As the head of a local natural gas utility based in our nation's capital, Terry understands the intersection of national policy and local regulations that guide our member companies.

Full browser ?