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Naucratis(nŏk`rətĭs), ancient city of Egypt, on the Canopic branch of the Nile, 45 mi (72 km) SE of Alexandria. It was probably given (7th cent. B.C.) by Psamtik to Greek colonists from Miletus and was the first Greek settlement in Egypt. The rise of Alexandria and the shifting of the Nile caused its decline. The site has been excavated, revealing pottery of a Greek type and ruins of Greek temples.
an ancient Greek colony in Egypt, in the western part of the Nile Delta. Naucratis was founded during the reign of Pharaoh Psamtik I in the mid-seventh century B.C., chiefly by Milesians. In the Hellenistic age, Naucratis, with Alexandria and Ptolemais, enjoyed the rights of a polis with municipal self-government and an elected council and officials. Archaeological excavations, first conducted in 1884, unearthed sanctuaries, the remains of workshops (pottery, glassmaking, and faience), and numerous inscriptions.