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see NavajoNavajo
or Navaho
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Athabascan branch of the Nadene linguistic stock (see Native American languages). A migration from the North to the Southwest area is thought to have occurred in the past because of an affiliation
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, people; NavajoNavajo
or Navaho,
language belonging to the Athabascan branch of the Nadene linguistic family, or stock, of North America (including Mexico). See Native American languages.
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, language.



(self-designation, Dene), an Indian people in the USA. They live on four reservations in the states of New Mexico and Arizona and number more than 100,000 (1970, estimate). Their language is related to the Athapaskan languages. The Navaho belong to various Christian sects. They were originally woodland hunters and fishermen in the northern part of North America; in the 14th and 15th centuries they migrated to the Southwest, where they took up hoe farming and, at a later date, livestock raising. The present-day Navaho engage primarily in livestock raising. They are actively involved in the movement to improve the life of American Indians and to eliminate racial discrimination. They publish the newspaper Navaho Times.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Vogt, E. Navaho Veterans. Cambridge, 1951.



Dreams constitute fundamental elements in the everyday life of the Navaho, who generally do not comment publicly on their dreams, which are often regarded as warnings. Dream specialists are usually consulted in order to discover the cause of the dream, what is going to happen, and how to prevent the anticipated event. The diagnostician, often in a trance state, can discover the cause of the dream as well as the dreamer’s sickness.

It has been frequently observed that myths play a significant role in the daily lives of the Navaho, and many of them are performed repeatedly in winter. The influence of the mythic narratives on the dreams of the Navaho has often been pointed out. A considerable number of dream interpretations are persistently believed, because later events have corroborated a sufficient percentage of them.

The Navaho, like other people, divide dreams into good and bad, although they are not inclined to arrange gods or other phenomena in categories. They have easily accomplished rituals for dealing with the causes and the results of bad dreams, one of the most common of which is praying at sunrise. Many apparently bad dreams may have an opposite meaning, which is usually revealed by the natural course of events. Among the Navaho, most common unpleasant dreams are minimized or ignored because others have had similar dreams and nothing serious has happened. However, certain particular kinds of dreams are believed to cause sickness and to require diagnosis and treatment. One dream belonging to this category is the falling dream.

Another group of dreams may be designated death dreams, of which various interpretations are offered. For instance, if during a ceremony a shaman dreams that his patient is going to die, he must leave and allow another shaman to be called. Also, when a Navaho dreams that he is dead, he interprets that as meaning that in his dream he was in the next world with the spirits of the dead. To dream of being there and to come back does not necessarily represent a bad omen: but if the dreamer shakes hands with the dead, it means that he is going to die.


A U.S. Air Force surface-to-surface long-range supersonic strategic missile, powered by two ramjet engines.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, fruit flies were not recovered from fruit samples of the blackberry cultivar Navaho, which is interesting from both an agronomic and scientific perspective.
Fort Sumner, is located in New Mexico and was used as a place of internment for the Navaho and Apache in 1864.
The area is subject to a farm-in agreement with Columbus Gold Corp (CVE:CGT) (PINK:CBGDF) whereby Navaho Gold can earn a 70% interest in the project.
The Army has made use of its own unique cultural heritage; Native American code talkers took advantage of the enemy's ignorance of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Navaho, and Comanche languages and confounded enemy radio intercept efforts by transmitting messages in their own dialects during both World Wars and the Korean War.
Atleo said they need to move beyond the hurt and pain, and he quoted a Navaho leader: "The most powerful tool in justice is Kleenex.
The title track is an ode to flaky relationships dressed up with glorious melodies and pleading, repetitive refrains, while the other two songs, especially the He-Manreferencing Mountains of Navaho, are equally impressive.
The title track is an ode to flaky relationships dressed up with glorious melodies and pleading, repetitive refrains, while the other two songs on this debut EP, especially the He-Man-referencing Mountains of Navaho, are impressive.
Navaho Indian - a three-time winner in Germany - landed his first race for Mervyn Torrens, the 1m4f handicap for four-year-olds and upwards by seven lengths under Colm O'Donoghue.
When a valuable Navaho tribal rug (thought to have been burned in a fire in 1965) turns up in a photograph and people start to disappear, "retired" Lt.
Momaday apparently knew little about Navaho aesthetics and less about traditional Maori values, yet Chad was able to generate a Navaho and a Maori reading of the poem in a manner that was not only eye-opening but mindful of the particularity of both the original and its new indigenous aesthetic contexts.
1 (1933); Father Berard Halle, "Origin Legend of the Navaho Enemy Way: Text and Translation," Yale University Publication in Anthropology 17 (1938); Father Berard Haile, "Navajo Chantways and Ceremonials," American Anthropologist 40, no.
8 Geronimo belonged to which native American tribe: a) Navaho b) Sioux c) Apache?