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organized combat actions by ships and naval units to destroy the enemy at sea or suppress his ability to resist.
The naval battle consists of tactical strikes, attacks, and counterattacks carried out according to an integrated command plan. In the history of war the forms and methods of waging naval battle have changed with the development of weapons, combat equipment, and naval ship constitution. Naval battles may involve, independently or in tactical coordination, submarines, naval aviation, surface ships, and coast artillery and missile forces. Modern naval battle is characterized by the enormous destructive force of weaponry, the great mobility of the forces participating, high speed, considerable spatial scope, and rapid and abrupt changes in the situation. Depending on the nature of combat missions and objectives of the actions, naval battles may be classified as encounter, offensive, or defensive battles. A distinction is made between battles at sea, battles in the coastal region, battles to land a landing party, and battles to repulse a landing party.
V. S. MAMCHITS