Naval General Staff

Naval General Staff

 

the highest administrative body of the navies of certain countries. They have been formed under different names, such as the Naval Command Department in Japan (1893), General Naval Staff in imperial Germany (1899), Naval General Staff in France (1902), Main Naval Staff in Italy (1907), Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in the USA (1909), and Admiralty War Staff in Great Britain (1912). Contemporary foreign navies have chief headquarters or headquarters of the navy.

The Naval General Staff was formed in Russia on Apr. 24 (May 7), 1906. It was concerned with the development of plans for warfare at sea, shipbuilding programs, plans for combat training in the navy, and the study of foreign navies. It directed the naval department of the Nicholas Naval Academy, the League for Renovation of the Navy, and other public naval organizations. During World War I (1914–18), the Naval General Staff consisted of eight departments—three operations departments (by naval theaters) and the departments of organization and tactics, statistics, air and underwater navigation, rear services, and history; each was staffed by 35 officers and 23 noncommissioned officers and seamen.

The chiefs of Naval General Staff were L. A. Brusilov (1906–08), A. A. Ebergard (1908–11), A. A. Liven (1911–14), A. I. Rusin (1914–17), and M. A. Kedrov and A. P. Kapnist (1917).

After the October Revolution of 1917 the organization of the Naval General Staff was changed several times. In 1919 it consisted of five departments with a total staff of 113. Chiefs of the Naval General Staff were E. A. Berens (1917–19) and A. N. Melent’ev (from 1919). In August 1921 the Naval General Staff was abolished, and its functions were transferred to the Operations Directorate of the Naval Headquarters of the Republic.

References in periodicals archive ?
Moscow, SANA -- The Russian Naval General Staff said Thursday that the Material-Technical Support Point for the Russian Navy in Tartous city will continue to carry out the tasks in the fulfillment of its missions regardless of the developments in Syria.
In a press statement in Petersburg city, a source at the Russian Naval General Staff affirmed that Russia is not planning to abandon its naval facility in Tartous whatever the developments in Syria.
Nagano became chief of the naval general staff in 1941 and supported the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Major items such as joho hyoku (information or, contextually, intelligence bureau); Z-flag; and the Naval General Staff First, Second, and Fourth Bureaus do not appear.
Born in Tottori prefecture (1891); graduated from the Naval Academy (1912); received early training as a navigator; commander (1929), then captain and staff officer in the Combined Fleet (1933); staff officer, Operations Division, Naval General Staff (1934); graduated from Naval Staff College (1935); chief of Operations Section (1935-1938), and as such vigorously advocated navy plans for fleet expansion in the face of demands by his army opposite, Col.
A source at the Russian Naval General Staff said today that the warships will run drills under one leadership in late July, adding "they will not enter Syrian Tartous port except for supplying the ships with fuel, water and food.
Planners from Tokyo's Naval General Staff and on the Combined Fleet (Kaigun) staff had developed a synchronized plan for the Pearl Harbor Striking Force that combined the three elements of radio silence, active radio deception, and radio intelligence in a way that assured Tokyo that the U.
The Naval General Staff opposed Yamamoto's plan, but by September 1941 it had agreed to his operation against Hawaii, war games having indicated a good chance for success with two new fleet carriers, Zuikaku and Shokaku.
These specific elements were integrated into the denial and deception plan most likely developed at a conference on force communications in Tokyo on 27 October attended by representatives of the Naval General Staff, the First Air Force, the Combined Fleet, and the Eleventh Air Fleet, along with the chiefs of staff of the other major fleets.
Born in Saga prefecture (1885); graduated from the Naval Academy (1906); after graduation from the Naval Staff College (1915) he held a number of shore staff appointments (1916-1920); resident officer in France (1920-1922), then promoted captain (1926) and served as naval attache in Paris (1926-1928); commanded a cruiser and then a battleship (1930-1931); promoted rear admiral (1932) and appointed chief of the Intelligence Division, Naval General Staff (1933); vice chief of the Naval General Staff (1937); commander of the 2d Fleet (1939); as commander of the China Area Fleet (September 1941) he participated in operations resulting in the capture of Hong Kong (December 9-31); succeeded Adm.
naval units during the battle of Leyte Gulf (October 23-26); made vice chief of the Naval General Staff (May 1945); strongly supported an unflagging continuation of the war despite an increasingly desperate situation; committed suicide in his home after hearing the Emperor's surrender broadcast (August 15, 1945).
Motaro Yoshimatsu (1917); resident officer in Britain (1919-1922); promoted to captain and made an instructor at the Naval Staff College (1925); commanded a cruiser and then a battleship (1930-1931); chief, Intelligence Group, Naval General Staff (1932); chief of staff, Combined Fleet (1933); chief, Department of Naval Education; promoted to vice admiral and head of the Naval Affairs Bureau in the Navy Ministry (1935); commander of Fourth Fleet in South Seas Mandates (1937); chief of the Navy Technical Department (1939); admiral (1941); held a series of base commands (1941-1943); appointed commander of the Combined Fleet (May 1944); he believed the disastrous course of the war could be reversed by engaging in battle with the U.