Naval General Staff


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Naval General Staff

 

the highest administrative body of the navies of certain countries. They have been formed under different names, such as the Naval Command Department in Japan (1893), General Naval Staff in imperial Germany (1899), Naval General Staff in France (1902), Main Naval Staff in Italy (1907), Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in the USA (1909), and Admiralty War Staff in Great Britain (1912). Contemporary foreign navies have chief headquarters or headquarters of the navy.

The Naval General Staff was formed in Russia on Apr. 24 (May 7), 1906. It was concerned with the development of plans for warfare at sea, shipbuilding programs, plans for combat training in the navy, and the study of foreign navies. It directed the naval department of the Nicholas Naval Academy, the League for Renovation of the Navy, and other public naval organizations. During World War I (1914–18), the Naval General Staff consisted of eight departments—three operations departments (by naval theaters) and the departments of organization and tactics, statistics, air and underwater navigation, rear services, and history; each was staffed by 35 officers and 23 noncommissioned officers and seamen.

The chiefs of Naval General Staff were L. A. Brusilov (1906–08), A. A. Ebergard (1908–11), A. A. Liven (1911–14), A. I. Rusin (1914–17), and M. A. Kedrov and A. P. Kapnist (1917).

After the October Revolution of 1917 the organization of the Naval General Staff was changed several times. In 1919 it consisted of five departments with a total staff of 113. Chiefs of the Naval General Staff were E. A. Berens (1917–19) and A. N. Melent’ev (from 1919). In August 1921 the Naval General Staff was abolished, and its functions were transferred to the Operations Directorate of the Naval Headquarters of the Republic.

References in periodicals archive ?
In a press statement in Petersburg city, a source at the Russian Naval General Staff affirmed that Russia is not planning to abandon its naval facility in Tartous whatever the developments in Syria.
A source at the Russian Naval General Staff said today that the warships will run drills under one leadership in late July, adding "they will not enter Syrian Tartous port except for supplying the ships with fuel, water and food." The Russian Source denied reports saying that the Russian warships head for Syrian shores, saying "such mission was not proposedC* the Russian fleet will enter Tartous port to provide ships with fuel, water and food..
Born in Saga prefecture (1885); graduated from the Naval Academy (1906); after graduation from the Naval Staff College (1915) he held a number of shore staff appointments (1916-1920); resident officer in France (1920-1922), then promoted captain (1926) and served as naval attache in Paris (1926-1928); commanded a cruiser and then a battleship (1930-1931); promoted rear admiral (1932) and appointed chief of the Intelligence Division, Naval General Staff (1933); vice chief of the Naval General Staff (1937); commander of the 2d Fleet (1939); as commander of the China Area Fleet (September 1941) he participated in operations resulting in the capture of Hong Kong (December 9-31); succeeded Adm.
naval units during the battle of Leyte Gulf (October 23-26); made vice chief of the Naval General Staff (May 1945); strongly supported an unflagging continuation of the war despite an increasingly desperate situation; committed suicide in his home after hearing the Emperor's surrender broadcast (August 15, 1945).