Martina Navratilova

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Navratilova, Martina

(märtē`nə năv'rətĭlō`və), 1956–, Czech-American tennis player, b. Prague. After holding the Czech singles title (1972–74), she defected (1975) to the United States. Known for her aggressive serve-and-volley style, she won the women's singles at Wimbledon a record nine times (1978–79, 1982–87, 1990) and also won a record 20 titles there overall. She holds four U.S. Open titles (1983, 1984, 1986–87), three Australian Open titles (1981, 1983, 1985), and two French Open titles (1982, 1984). With her partner Pam Shriver, she also dominated women's doubles competitions, winning 110 consecutive matches from 1983 to 1985. In a career spanning more than three decades, Navratilova became the all-time leader, male or female, in singles titles (168); she also holds 178 doubles titles.


See her autobiography, written with G. Vecsey (1985); J. Howard, The Rivals (2019).

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Navratilova, Martina

(1956–  ) tennis player; born in Prague, Czechoslovakia. After defecting to the U.S.A. from Czechoslovakia in 1975, she provided tennis with one of its greatest rivalries with her many fierce competitions with Chris Evert from 1975 to 1989. Holder of many of the major records in women's tennis, she won the Wimbledon singles nine times (a record), the U.S. singles four times, the Australian three times, and the French twice. In 1992, Navratilova won her 158th professional singles title, an all-time record. As one of the first major sports figures to be open about her lesbianism, she gained respect from many but she also found herself involved in occasional controversies. She retired in 1994.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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