Nazca


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Nazca

or

Nasca

(both: näs`kä), ancient culture of the Nazca, Pisco, and Ica river valleys on the desert coast of S Peru. Flourishing during the first millennium A.D., the Nazca culture seems to have developed out of the ParacasParacas
, Native American culture of ancient Peru. Named after the Paracas peninsula on the south coast, where their remains were first found, the Paracas produced resin-painted pottery and textiles, but little is known of their way of life.
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 culture, and after 900 it was apparently under TiahuanacoTiahuanaco
, ancient native ruin, W Bolivia, 34 mi (55 km) S of Lake Titicaca on the Tiahuanaco R. in the S central Andes, near the Peruvian border; also called Tiwanaku or Tiahuanacu.
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 influence until the Inca conquered the region in the 15th cent. The Nazca excelled in the production of beautiful ceramics and textiles. Highly polished, expertly designed, and with polychrome painting, Nazca pottery is unlike that of other Peruvian cultures. Textiles show a multitude of weaving techniques and extraordinary skill in dyeing with several shades of the same color; both coastal cotton and highland alpaca wool were used. Aerial exploration of the arid tableland surrounding the Palpa valley has revealed a remarkable network of lines and trapezoids interspersed with giant animal figures of unmistakable Nazca origin; the animals were probably built to be seen by sky gods, and the lines are believed to be related to observations in astronomy.

Bibliography

See J. A. Mason, The Ancient Civilizations of Peru (1957, rev. ed. 1964); G. H. S. Bushnell, Peru (1956, rev. ed. 1963); E. P. Lanning, Peru before the Incas (1967); E. Hadingham, Lines to the Mountain Gods: Nazca and the Mysteries of Peru (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Peruvian government has ordered increased security at the country's world famous Nazca lines after a truck driver ploughed his vehicle through the ancient archaeological site.
The best way to view the extensive tracings is by flyover in the light aircraft that take off from the Nazca airport.
Unlike Nazca, there was no known civilization around Bangudae.
Quien desea que la estrella de la paz nazca y se detenga sobre la sociedad, rechace toda forma de materialismo, que no ve en el pueblo mas que una grey de Individuos, que, divididos y sin interna consistencia, son considerados como materia de dominio y de arbitrio; procure concebir la sociedad como una unidad que, en el espacio a ella asignado y segun sus particulares condiciones, tiende, mediante la colaboracion de las diferentes clases y profesiones, a los eternos y siempre nuevos fines de la cultura y de la religion.
Among the episodes in the two shows, the most memorable were on Puma Punku and Nazca.
He investigates new theories concerning the origins of the Nazca lines, 2000-yearold lines etched into the desert sands that some believe were created by aliens, but may actually be a map showing the location of underground water sources.
The quake came as a result of movement at or near the plate boundary between the Nazca and Pacific plates, the US Geological Survey said.
The September 16 earthquake was the result of convergence between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates," said Dr.
Stonehenge and the Nazca Lines were altars; the Taj Mahal and the Alhambra are veils which continue to mask divine eternity.
Fritta"), a specialist producer of intermediates for the ceramic industry, will be purchased from financial investor Nazca Private Equity.
These sprawling structures, mostly earthen mounds, create the type of landscape art most famously seen in the Nazca region of Peru, reports Live Science.
It has been indicated that this lobster occurs around the Desventuradas Islands (Bahamonde, 1965) and specimens of this lobster have been found occasionally as by-catch of other species in trawl fishing off the central coast of Chile (George, 1976), and in the Nazca ridge where concentrations permit industrial exploitation.