Wehrmacht

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Wehrmacht

 

the name for the armed forces of fascist Germany from 1935 to 1945. The basis for the creation and development of the Wehrmacht was the Reichswehr, renamed Wehrmacht after the introduction of universal compulsory military service on Mar. 16, 1935. The Wehrmacht was headed by the Supreme High Command (OKW), to which were subordinated the land forces (das Heer),the air force (die Luftwaffe), and the navy (die Kriegsmarine). At the heads of these forces were high commands (OKH, OKL, OKM, and, from 1940, the SS forces) and the corresponding service commanders in chief. The supreme commander in chief of the Wehrmacht was Chancellor A. Hitler. On the eve of World War II, the Wehrmacht numbered about 3 million men. Its maximum strength was about 11 million men (December 1943).

References in periodicals archive ?
In a hidden stronghold high in the Alps, a last-chance Nazi army could hold out for years.
The degradation, torture, abuse and murder of millions of men, women and children by a Nazi army.
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of many months of bloody fighting, a many thousand-strong Nazi Army under Field- Marshal Friedrich Paulus, on February 2nd 1943.
The War in Bom Fim--Scliar's first novel, published in 1972--is set in the old Jewish quarter of Porto Alegre, which the narrator asks us to consider "as though it were a country"; in this case, a country that is invaded by the Nazi army in 1943.
In 1939-40, we then young people were rallied to defend our country and our way of life which was threatened by Adolf Hitler and his powerful Nazi army and air force.
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