Nazib Zhiganov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zhiganov, Nazib Gaiazovich


Born Jan. 2 (15), 1911, in Ural’sk. Soviet composer. People’s Artist of the USSR (1957). Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Zhiganov graduated in 1938 from the course in composition taught by G. I. Litinskii at the Moscow Conservatory. In 1945 he began working as a rector and teacher at the Kazan Conservatory; he became a professor there in 1953. Heroism from the historical past is the main subject matter of his works. He wrote the first Tatar operas based on themes from contemporary life. He composed eight operas, three ballets, four symphonies, and other works. Among his best works are the operas Kachkyn (The Fugitive, produced in 1939), Altyncha (The Golden-haired Girl, 1941; State Prize of the USSR, 1948), and DzhalW (1957); a suite based on Tatar themes (1949; State Prize of the USSR, 1950); the overture Naflsa (1952); and Symphony No. 2, Sabantui (1968; State Prize of the USSR, 1970). He was a deputy to the seventh convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Zhiganov has been awarded the Order of Lenin and three other orders, as well as medals.


Girshman, la. Nazib Zhiganov. Moscow, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) These letters requested the demobilization of numerous soldiers whom the director Nazib Zhiganov felt could positively contribute to the conservatory as both staff and students.
In exploring these complex developments, this article focuses on the life and career of Nazib Zhiganov, one of the most well-known and well-regarded (both officially and by his peers) Soviet Tatar composers.
Among the first who was sufficiently trained and ideologically pure was Nazib Zhiganov, whose first opera, Kachkyn--the first Tatar opera--premiered at the Tatar State Opera Theater on 17 June 1939.
In the foreword of the first of three small volumes published through the Nazib Zhiganov Heritage Foundation, Zhiganov's son Ivan argued that his father and "his social and creative position were determined and transformed together with the evolution of the society in which he lived and worked." (38) As the tumultuous first decades of Soviet power pushed and pulled the country's citizens from their homes and into a new socialist society, possibilities and opportunities opened up for those who had lived on the country's geographic and social peripheries.
Beginning in 1996, the Nazib Zhiganov Heritage Foundation (headed at the time by his son Ivan Zhiganov) published three volumes containing musicological studies, several of Zhiganov's articles, and some of his personal correspondence.
Maklygin, "Nazib Zhiganov: Stanovlenie muzykal'nogo lidera Tatarii," Vestnik Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta kul'tury i iskusstv, no.
(36) Nazib Zhiganov, "Razmyshleniia o tatarskoi muzyke," interview by S.
(37) Aleksci Egorov, ed., Nazib Zhiganov: Muzyka i zhizn ' (Kazan: Tatarskoe knizhnoe Izdatelstvo, 2013), 38.
(47) Nazib Zhiganov, "Iz vystupleniia na diskussii o sovremennoi opere" in Nazib Zhiganov, 2:29.
Litinskii, "V predstavitel'stvo Tatrespubliki pri VTsIK," in Nazib Zhiganov, 2:3.
Popov, "Nazib Zhiganov," in Gordost' sovetskoi muzyki: Muzykanty--Geroi sotsialisticheskogo truda i laureaty Leninskoi premii, ed.
Nazib Zhiganov: konteksty tvorchestva: sbornik nauchnykh statei.