It was later discovered that the gunmen, who were heavily interested in right-wing paramilitary ideology and Naziism
(the massacre occurred on the birth-date of Adolf Hitler), had planned the shooting for over 1 year.
Sometimes this nihilism manifests itself in a godless ideology such as Naziism
, Stalinism, Maoism, and down the line of murderous ideologies.
I have been fighting fascism and Naziism
in whatever form ever since.
Reduced to the simplest terms, the drive for a universalist ethics derives in great part from our experience of the modern world, which has shown the hazards of a ruthless ethic based on nothing more than the idiosyncratic value systems of their proponents (and Naziism
is the classic 20th century example).
Derrida shows how Schmitt's commitment to Naziism
and National Socialism was the political means whereby Schmitt was able to identify the absolute enemy.
Most of all, in 1941, Auden was struggling to reconcile his early leftist politics with his recent reading of modern theology, especially the Christian realism of Reinhold Neibuhr - often deliberately obscuring his earlier positions but still subjecting his poetry to the questions of conscience raised by the rise of Naziism
, the fall of the Spanish Republic, and the ongoing war in Europe.
But it should be noted that the universities were hotbeds of Naziism
, that its revolutionary fanaticism provided a welcome opportunity for self-expression to a large portion of the student bodies, that the educational authorities were spectators and in some cases sufferers at the hands of the revolutionists, and that the passivity of the educational leaders, their lack of foresight, their Bourbon aloofness from the actualities of a changing social scene, helped to produce a revolutionary attitude among the academic youth of the country.
He has attacked public school teachers as greedy far-left agents of social engineering and once compared public schooling to Naziism
It sometimes seems that Shawn's goal is to make the playgoer as uncomfortable as possible - to the extent that a London critic wrote of one of his early plays that "It is as likely to give offense as anything I have ever seen in a theatre" - and in Aunt Dan and Lemon he not only creates a character who rationalizes Naziism
, he also refuses to present a comforting, countervailing argument.
So distant and unconvincing was the assurance of that further turn, and so universal were the devastations of inexcusable poverty in the midst of plenty, that people, not only in America, but also the world over, were inclining hopefully to, and increasingly embracing, the salvation (essentially religious) of Stalin communism, Mussolini fascism, and Hitler naziism
All these incidents are the consequence of a historical aberration called Naziism
in Germany, apartheid in South Africa and racism in the United States.
Although neither Gladney nor DeLillo invites us simply to equate middle-class American culture to Naziism
, both formations at least partly express a certain anxiety about the national collectivities they claim to represent.