Ne Win

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Ne Win

U . 1911--2002, Burmese statesman and general; prime minister (1958--60), head of the military government (1962--74), and president (1974--81)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ne Win


(U Ne Win, Muang Shu Maung). Born May 24, 1911, in Paungde, Prome District. Burmese statesman and political figure.

The son of a provincial official, Ne Win attended the University of Rangoon and from 1932 worked in the postal and telegraphic service. He became a member of the patriotic organization Dobama Asi-ayon during World War II (1939–45) and along with Aung San was among the “Thirty Comrades” who became the nucleus of the Burma National Army. During the Japanese occupation of Burma (1942–45), Ne Win held several commands in the Burma Independence Army and was chief of staff of the Burma Defense Army.

Joining the Supreme Council of the Antifascist People’s Freedom League in 1944, Ne Win commanded Burmese troops in the delta region of the Irrawaddy River in 1945. In 1947 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly that proclaimed the independence of Burma on Jan. 4, 1948. Appointed commander of the Northern Military District in 1948, Ne Win served as deputy chief of the General Staff from August 1948, chief of the General Staff and commander in chief of the armed forces from 1950 to 1972, deputy prime minister from 1949 to 1950, and prime minister from 1958 to 1960.

On Mar. 2, 1962, the Burmese Army, commanded by Ne Win, assumed power in the country and set up the Revolutionary Council, which functioned under Ne Win’s leadership until March 1974. From 1962 to 1974, Ne Win was also chairman of the Revolutionary Government (from 1971, the Council of Ministers). He served as minister of defense from 1958 to 1972 and in 1962 became chairman of both the Central Organizational and Disciplinary committees of the Burma Socialist Program Party (BSPP), founded in 1962. In 1971 the first BSPP congress elected Ne Win chairman of the Executive Committee of the BSPP Central Committee. Under Ne Win’s leadership, the Revolutionary Council and the government carried out several important antifeudal and anti-imperialist social and economic reforms. When the new constitution was adopted in 1974, Ne Win became chairman of the Council of State of the People’s Assembly and president of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma. He visited the USSR in 1961 and 1965.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In writing his more recent biography of Ne Win, Taylor faced two major challenges.
Also, the author sharply recalls the frequent humiliation faced by high-ranking Burmese (and Asian) visitors to the United States in the 1950s and 1960s--including General Ne Win and his wife--in times of plain racial segregation there (p.
After 08-08-88 Burmese uprising that collapsed Ne Win's regime and paved the way for the military junta to rule the country, the China became friendlier to Burma as the international community started isolating the General Than Swe led regime.
Their lives and literature illustrated the level of political intolerance that existed during the U Nu government and then blossomed under Ne Win.
General Ne Win and his socialist Revolutionary Council seized power in a 1962 military coup and promulgated an ideology called 'The Burmese Way to Socialism'.
Ne Win overthrew the democratic government and established a one-party state under the Burmese Socialist Program party.
A recent switch from 400m to hurdles is proving to have been a canny decision for him with a ne win in 15.7secs followed by gold in the high jump with 1.54m.
Ne Win did so in 1966 to meet with then President Lyndon Johnson.
Ne Win, the late dictator of the south-east Asian nation, imposed a state monopoly on the press in the 1960s.
Jaime Winstone Winst ne Win ton Bright colours, loud print and sequins - this hurts our eyes.
Late dictator Ne Win switched from left-hand drive after he seized power in 1962.