Ne Win


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Ne Win

U . 1911--2002, Burmese statesman and general; prime minister (1958--60), head of the military government (1962--74), and president (1974--81)

Ne Win

 

(U Ne Win, Muang Shu Maung). Born May 24, 1911, in Paungde, Prome District. Burmese statesman and political figure.

The son of a provincial official, Ne Win attended the University of Rangoon and from 1932 worked in the postal and telegraphic service. He became a member of the patriotic organization Dobama Asi-ayon during World War II (1939–45) and along with Aung San was among the “Thirty Comrades” who became the nucleus of the Burma National Army. During the Japanese occupation of Burma (1942–45), Ne Win held several commands in the Burma Independence Army and was chief of staff of the Burma Defense Army.

Joining the Supreme Council of the Antifascist People’s Freedom League in 1944, Ne Win commanded Burmese troops in the delta region of the Irrawaddy River in 1945. In 1947 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly that proclaimed the independence of Burma on Jan. 4, 1948. Appointed commander of the Northern Military District in 1948, Ne Win served as deputy chief of the General Staff from August 1948, chief of the General Staff and commander in chief of the armed forces from 1950 to 1972, deputy prime minister from 1949 to 1950, and prime minister from 1958 to 1960.

On Mar. 2, 1962, the Burmese Army, commanded by Ne Win, assumed power in the country and set up the Revolutionary Council, which functioned under Ne Win’s leadership until March 1974. From 1962 to 1974, Ne Win was also chairman of the Revolutionary Government (from 1971, the Council of Ministers). He served as minister of defense from 1958 to 1972 and in 1962 became chairman of both the Central Organizational and Disciplinary committees of the Burma Socialist Program Party (BSPP), founded in 1962. In 1971 the first BSPP congress elected Ne Win chairman of the Executive Committee of the BSPP Central Committee. Under Ne Win’s leadership, the Revolutionary Council and the government carried out several important antifeudal and anti-imperialist social and economic reforms. When the new constitution was adopted in 1974, Ne Win became chairman of the Council of State of the People’s Assembly and president of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma. He visited the USSR in 1961 and 1965.

References in periodicals archive ?
Their lives and literature illustrated the level of political intolerance that existed during the U Nu government and then blossomed under Ne Win.
In the absence of state support of Buddhism during the Ne Win period, it--just as in the colonial period--fell to the ordinary laypeople to support the Buddha's sasana as a collective project in society.
Having seized power in a largely unpopular military coup d'etat in 1962, General Ne Win was confronted with a politically and economically fragile Burma.
In July, 1988, Ne Win resigned from office in the face of mounting popular demonstrations.
Late dictator Ne Win switched from left-hand drive after he seized power in 1962.
Reviled chairman Ne Win stepped down after several months of demonstrations, but the army kept its grip on the country and a huge August rally was crushed in a bloody crackdown that left at least 3,000 people dead.
Poco despues del sangriento golpe del 8 de agosto de 1988, cuando el ejercito aplasto brutalmente una insurreccion popular contra la anterior dictadura del general Ne Win, la nueva Junta Militar decreto unilateralmente que el pais pasaria a denominarse oficialmente "Myanmar".
The fruits of the dictatorship of General Ne Win, who seized power in a military coup in 1962 and held it till 1988, were penury and repression.
A look at the statistics for the Flat season so far (prior to last night's action at Sligo) does not make pleasant viewing - o ne win from 55 turf runs is a percentage that does little for morale.
Considered "outsiders" by many Burmese despite the fact they have lived in the country for centuries, in 1982 they were stripped of their citizenship rights by the then military ruler Ne Win.
However, General Ne Win (Htun Lin) underestimates Kyi's unwavering resolve.
When the military under General Ne Win carried out a coup against the democratically elected civilian government of U Nu in 1962, it expelled many ethnic Indians and Christian missioners, both Catholic and Protestant; made life difficult for ethnic groups of Muslims; and nationalized church-run schools and hospitals.