While two of the archaic groups are currently known -- the Neandertals
and their sister group the Denisovans from Asia -- the others remain unnamed and have only been detected as traces of DNA surviving in different modern populations.
Cette datation indiquait deja en soi que la "divergence" entre sapiens et Neandertal
s'etait donc produite avant 400.000 annees.
"We see that the genetic similarity between these Neandertals
is well-correlated with their geographical location.
Scientists have discovered that Neandertal
tools were primarily flints with a sharp edge.
Less than a decade ago, scientists discovered that human ancestors mixed with Neandertals
. People of non-African descent still carry a small amount of Neandertal
DNA: Bohlender's team calculates that European and Chinese people carry about 2.8 percent.
Correcting the neandertal
stereotype would enable us to learn--humbly and to our benefit--that those ancient cousins, like our own ancestors, knew a few basic things about life and living that we have forgotten and will have to relearn if we and our planet are to have any future at all, let alone one which could allow us to evolve further and realize our as yet undreamed of human potential.
(2012): "Issues from Neandertal
genomics: Diversity, adaptation and hybridisation revised from the El Sidron case study", Quaternary International, vol.
When students ask "What happened to the Neandertals
," any high school science teacher worth his weight in sarcasm will make quick reference to the football players in the room.
"Your inner Neandertal
," Science News for Kids, May 26.