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(nēăp`əlĭs) [Gr.,=new city], name of many cities in ancient Greek and Roman times. The most important is the modern NaplesNaples,
Ital. Napoli, city (1991 pop. 1,067,365), capital of Campania and of Naples prov., S central Italy, on the Bay of Naples, an arm of the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is a major seaport, with shipyards, and a commercial, industrial, and tourist center.
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, Italy.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Russian, Neapol’), an ancient city mentioned in the Chersonesus decree of the second century B.C. and in the Geography of Strabo as one of the Scythian royal fortifications in the Crimea. Neapolis probably was located in the southeastern outskirts of what is now Simferopol’, on a high plateau that constitutes the largest Crimean Scythian archaeological site (20 hectares). The governmental center of the late Scythians from the third century B.C. to the third century A.D., the city reached the height of its development in the second century B.C. Neapolis was destroyed as the result of an invasion by the Goths in the third century A.D.

Major archaeological excavations of Neapolis were conducted in the 1940’s and 1950’s. Finds include the remains of a strong defensive wall (8.5 m thick) with two gate towers. One of the towers was a mausoleum with 72 burials belonging to a king and nobles, who were buried with their horses, weapons, and many gold ornaments. Remains of dwellings and public buildings, including some with frescoes, have been uncovered. Archaeologists have also found portrait reliefs, fragments of statues, and pedestals inscribed in Greek dedicated to the gods.

More than 200 burials have been investigated in the necropolis; these include sumptuous family vaults carved into the cliffs, earthen vaults, and rows of flat graves. A painting in one of the burial vaults depicts a horseman, a Scythian with a lyre, and boar hunters with dogs. Another painting depicts a Scythian archer and dancing figures.


Shul’ts, P. N. Mavzolei Neapolia skifskogo. Moscow, 1953.
Shul’ts, P. N. “Issledovaniia Neapolia skifskogo (1945–1950 gg.).” In the collection Istoriia i arkheologiia drevnego Kryma. Kiev, 1957.
Babenchikov, V. P. “Nekropol’ Neapolia skifskogo.” In the collection Istoriia i arkheologiia drevnego Kryma. Kiev, 1957.
Dashevskaia, O. D. “K voprosu o lokalizatsii trekh skifskikh krepostei, upominaemykh Strabonom.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1958, no. 2.
Pogrebova, N. N. “Pogrebeniia v mavzolee Neapolia skifskogo.” In the collection Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 96, Moscow, 1961.
Raevskii, D. S. “Skify i sarmaty v Neapole.” In the collection Problemy skifskoi arkheologii. Moscow, 1971. (Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 177.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Art exhibition with seven international and local artists, as well as students from the Department of Architecture of Neapolis University.
As we descended back to the lowlands we stopped in the pretty town of Neapolis to enjoy a light meal of delicious pastries and home-grown fruits.
The 34-year-old, who signed a one-year deal at Easter Road on Friday, became a cult hero at the Neapolis after smashing the club's all-time scoring record with 52 goals in five seasons.
Simple Minds are currently promoting their latest album, which is titled Neapolis, and the Olympia dates are their only scheduled appearances in Ireland.
If you want to see the band, who recently released their Neapolis album, in the flesh - you'll have to go to Finsbury Park's Fleadh in June or Hyde Park in July.
A study and English translation of a seventh-century hagiographical text by Leontius, bishop of Neapolis in Cyprus.
The other two were Archimandrite Evmenios and Neapolis Bishop Porfyrios.
Graduates of the Master of Landscape Architecture of Neapolis University, Pavlos Zanos and George Charalambous, presented papers, which were part of their Master thesis at the 18th Panhellenic Forestry Conference in Edessa .
This acquisition increases the number of MediS production sites, which currently include MediS laboratories in Tunisia, Neapolis Pharma laboratories in Tunisia, Inpha-MediS laboratories in Algeria and MediS International laboratories in the Czech Republic.