near-death experience

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near-death experience,

phenomenon reported by some people who have been clinically dead, then returned to life. Descriptions of the experience differ slightly in detail from person to person, but usually share some basic elements: a feeling of being outside one's body, a sensation of sliding down a long tunnel, and the appearance of a bright light at the end of that tunnel. The light is sometimes described as a benevolent "being of light" who directs the person in a review of his or her life so far and ultimately prevents the person from crossing some sort of boundary that signifies death. Most people who have had a near-death experience report that it strongly influences their subsequent lives, relieving anxiety about death and increasing their sense of purpose and their sensitivity to others.

Research into the near-death experience was pioneered by Raymond Moody, who published Life After Life in 1975 after studying 150 people who had had such experiences. He and other scientists, such as cardiologist Michael Sabom, found that possible physiological and psychological causes for the phenomenon, including lack of oxygen to the brain, the influence of anesthetics, disruptions in neurotransmitter release, and prior expectations, could not sufficiently account for the experiences these people described. Their findings and a belief in a spiritual explanation for the phenomenon have been supported by Elisabeth Kübler-RossKübler-Ross, Elisabeth
, 1926–2004, American psychiatrist, b. Switzerland. After studying medicine at the Univ. of Zürich (M.D. 1957), Kübler-Ross became a pioneer in the field of thanatology, the study of death and dying.
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, who pioneered the study of death and dying in the United States beginning in the late 1960s.

Near-death experience is an emotional issue, believed to be a profound spiritual experience by some and criticized as wish fulfillment by others. Many skeptical scientists believe that it is a simple physiological event misconstrued by people who have a compelling psychological need or who are comforted by interpreting the experience in terms of their religious or spiritual beliefs.

Bibliography

See R. Moody, Life After Life (1975); K. Ring, Life at Death: a Scientific Investigation of the Near Death Experience (1980); M. B. Sabom, Recollections of Death: a Medical Investigation (1982); M. Morse, Closer to the Light (1990); B. J. Eadie, Embraced by the Light (1992); E. Kübler-Ross, On Life After Death (1994).

References in periodicals archive ?
If they answered 'yes', they were asked for more details, using a detailed questionnaire assessment tool called the Greyson Near-Death Experience Scale, which asks about 16 specific symptoms, reported a study discussed in the meeting of European Academy of Neurology.
Hannah Robinson paints a view of the near-death experience unlike the thousands of others currently on the market.
Greyson (2000) describes an NDE as a psychological event that can occur when someone is in a near-death state.
QUETTA -- There may be a scientific explanation for the vivid near-death experiences, such as seeing a shining light, that some people report after surviving a heart attack, US scientists said Monday.
Scientists at the University of Michigan, working on rats, claim a simple surge of electrical brain activity could be responsible for the vivid experiences described by near-death survivors.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The "near-death experience" reported by cardiac arrest survivors worldwide may be grounded in science, according to research at the University of Michigan Health System.
But others stood firmly by Alexander, who has previously spoken of his near-death experience on science TV programs and in a lengthy interview last year with Skeptico.com, a science and spirituality blog.
Making sense of near-death experience; a handbook for clinicians.
I posted an essay titled "How to Save Local Newspapers" about 16 months ago (http://bit.ly/mg8RkY) in which I drew an analogy to the near-death experiences that some big technology companies encountered in the 1990s and their successful strategies to reinvent themselves.
SKY News reporter Alex Crawford has told of her near-death experience after getting stuck in a Libyan mosque during a running battle between Gaddafi loyalists and the rebels.
Weeks after the near-death experience, after the tearing loose
En 1981, se creo la Asociacion Internacional para el Estudio de las ECM (IANDS, por sus siglas en Ingles) que se encargo de la publicacion Anabiosis: Journal for Near-Death Studies, la cual cambio su nombre, en 1987, por Journal of Near-Death Studies que aparece 4 veces al ano.