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(nēär`kəs), fl. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
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. In 325 B.C., Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. Nearchus was put in command. They sailed up the Persian coast and rejoined (324 B.C.) Alexander at Susa in Persia. Nearchus' own account of this voyage, together with his description of India, is included in ArrianArrian
(Flavius Arrianus) , fl. 2d cent. A.D., Greek historian, philosopher, and general, b. Nicomedia in Bithynia. He was governor of Cappadocia under Emperor Hadrian and in A.D. 134 repulsed an invasion of the Alans.
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's Indica.


See A. Flavius, Indica, tr. by E. I. Robson, Vol II, The Loeb Classical Library (1933, repr. 1958).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Nearchos). Year of birth unknown; died circa 312 B.C. A “companion” of Alexander the Great and a participant in the campaign in India; ruler of Lycia and Pamphylia from 334.

In 325 B.C., during the return of Alexander the Great’s forces from India, Nearchus was given command of the fleet and became the first to successfully navigate from India to Mesopotamia. His account of the voyage has not been preserved. It contained information on the flora and fauna and population of India and the Persian Gulf coast. Nearchus’ account was widely used by the ancient authors Arrianus and Strabo.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The scenario dealt with a simulated "Maritime Accident and rescue of a boat with shipwrecked persons, resulting the immediate implementation of the Cyprus National SAR Plan "NEARCHOS" by the JRCC Larnaca in order to confront the situation.
Charis Savva & Nearchos Evaggelou -- Dila Den Agapo;
Speculation on the identity of the skeleton has been rife among experts, including talk that it was Alexander's mother, Olympias, his Persian widow, Roxana, their son, Alexander's half-brother, or Nearchos, one of Alexander's closest aides and an Amphipolis native.
The firm now has only one director: Nearchos Chacholiades, an unshaven bloke in a brown leather jacket who has never previously been a UK company director.
Some exceptions are the hydria by or near Sophilos once on the Paris market, ABV 42, where there are repeated examples of animals in both fields; on a hydria by Nearchos, Eleusis 766, ABV 86, no.
No other tragedy of his owes so little to his sources.' (6) The original account highlights the intensity of the friendship between Polyeuct and Nearchos, with the latter fearing persecution 'non pour la crainte des supplices dont il estoit menace, mais pour l'apprehension qu'il eust que leur amitie ne souffrit quelque separation ou refroisissement' ('Abrege', sig.
Baillie traces the history of Karachi right from the time when Nearchos left Krokala, a port on the Arabian sea, which some have tried to identify with Karachi.
"Our excellence in nonlinear technology combined with MSC's market prowess and technology leadership in systems simulation will provide a broad engineering software offering second to none," said Nearchos Irinarchos, chairman for MARC Analysis Research.
The eleven people Pantelides found are: Antonis Efthymiou, Alecos Papachristoforou, Charis Constantinides, Kyriakos (Koullis) Demetriou, Nearchos Aniliades, Andreas Stivaros, Iakovos (Akis) Pittas, Michalakis Tyrimos, Antonis Kafas, Stavros Taliadoros (Alkis) and George Andreou.
Another line of speculation argues that the burial place belongs to one of Alexander's admirals named Nearchos, who was associated with the ancient city and was exiled there by King Philip II.