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(nēär`kəs), fl. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
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. In 325 B.C., Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. Nearchus was put in command. They sailed up the Persian coast and rejoined (324 B.C.) Alexander at Susa in Persia. Nearchus' own account of this voyage, together with his description of India, is included in ArrianArrian
(Flavius Arrianus) , fl. 2d cent. A.D., Greek historian, philosopher, and general, b. Nicomedia in Bithynia. He was governor of Cappadocia under Emperor Hadrian and in A.D. 134 repulsed an invasion of the Alans.
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's Indica.


See A. Flavius, Indica, tr. by E. I. Robson, Vol II, The Loeb Classical Library (1933, repr. 1958).



(also Nearchos). Year of birth unknown; died circa 312 B.C. A “companion” of Alexander the Great and a participant in the campaign in India; ruler of Lycia and Pamphylia from 334.

In 325 B.C., during the return of Alexander the Great’s forces from India, Nearchus was given command of the fleet and became the first to successfully navigate from India to Mesopotamia. His account of the voyage has not been preserved. It contained information on the flora and fauna and population of India and the Persian Gulf coast. Nearchus’ account was widely used by the ancient authors Arrianus and Strabo.

References in periodicals archive ?
She is betrothed by her elderly father to a cousinly prince, Nearchus, given a wry comic persona by Joe Jameson.
The reported speech speaks of a legendary, unknown island, which Nearchus and Onesicritus were told about by local sailors.
These versions, from the first century BC and later, ultimately rely on sources contemporary and near-contemporary to Alexander himself (late fourth / early third century BC), such as Callisthenes, used by Aristobulus and Ptolemy, in their turn the principal sources of Arrian; and Onesicritus and Nearchus, used by Cleitarchus, who again served as source for the so-called 'vulgate' authors, Diodorus, Curtius and Trogus / Justin.
For around 500 years it was home to Babylonian settlers called Kassites and although the Greek emperor Alexander the Great never stopped over on his journey to India, it was governed by his general Nearchus, who is known to have explored the Gulf at least as far south as Bahrain.
The Ancient Greeks likewise inhabited the island, with a garrison sent by Admiral Nearchus to protect maritime trade routes to the Levant, India and Africa in the 4th century BC.
Nearchus, an officer in Alexander the Great's invading army, described tasting sugar-sweetened rice-pudding in the Punjab in 325BC.
Not until 17 October 1817 could Salt assure the Foreign Minister, Lord Castlereagh, that the head had finally been embarked, aboard the transport ship Nearchus, and was bound for Malta.
3); (68) or bathed; offered sacrifices; lay down in bathing room, listening to Nearchus (P.
46) and to 'Alexander's admiral of the fleet' (presumably Nearchus, p.