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(nēär`kəs), fl. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
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. In 325 B.C., Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. Nearchus was put in command. They sailed up the Persian coast and rejoined (324 B.C.) Alexander at Susa in Persia. Nearchus' own account of this voyage, together with his description of India, is included in ArrianArrian
(Flavius Arrianus) , fl. 2d cent. A.D., Greek historian, philosopher, and general, b. Nicomedia in Bithynia. He was governor of Cappadocia under Emperor Hadrian and in A.D. 134 repulsed an invasion of the Alans.
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's Indica.


See A. Flavius, Indica, tr. by E. I. Robson, Vol II, The Loeb Classical Library (1933, repr. 1958).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Nearchos). Year of birth unknown; died circa 312 B.C. A “companion” of Alexander the Great and a participant in the campaign in India; ruler of Lycia and Pamphylia from 334.

In 325 B.C., during the return of Alexander the Great’s forces from India, Nearchus was given command of the fleet and became the first to successfully navigate from India to Mesopotamia. His account of the voyage has not been preserved. It contained information on the flora and fauna and population of India and the Persian Gulf coast. Nearchus’ account was widely used by the ancient authors Arrianus and Strabo.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nearchus and Ptolemy (Ptolemaeus) produced the first map of the gulf.
Astola was discovered by Admiral Nearchus of Alexander Army in 326 BC on his return from India.
The journey back from Paropamisus to the Indus Mouth and thence the Persian Gulf includes the Indian Caucasus from Alexander to Erasthenes, and uneasy riders: with Alexander and Nearchus from Pattala to Rhambakia.
According to the annals of his expedition, while Alexander with his army travelled through Makran, keeping as close to the coast as possible, his fleet under Admiral Nearchus was sailing parallel along the coast and mention of the names of Kalmat, Gwadar, Pishukan and Chahbahar are also there:
His Admiral Nearchus, with his fleet, reached Krokala, which is known today as Keamari.
Two lights of Virgin wax, during which musicke of Recorders, enter foure bearing Ithocles on a hearse, or in a chaire, in a rich robe, and a Crowne on his head; place him on one side of the Altar, after him enter Calantha in a white robe, and crown 'd Euphranea; Philema, Christalla in white, Nearchus, Armostes, Crotolon, Prophilus, Amelus, Bassanes, Lemophil, and Groncas.
She is betrothed by her elderly father to a cousinly prince, Nearchus, given a wry comic persona by Joe Jameson.
Having subdued Pattala he divided his army into two sections one was led by Alexander himself along the Southern coast of Gedrosia (Balochistan) and another was sent under the command of Nearchus by sea.
Almost at the beginning of Book 10 we read an extremely interesting report about Nearchus' naval expedition from the mouth of the Indus to Schatt el-Arab (1.10-15).
(33) Stelliana's father, moreover, is called Nearchus, (34) the name of an important character in The Broken Heart, Theagenes's mother Arete sends him to Athens to separate him from Stelliana (35) just as Orgilus ostensibly travels there to forget Penthea, and Theagenes leaves Athens because of plague (36) just as Orgilus says he has had to do.
Hesperiidae Hesperiinae Saliana triangularis (Kaye, 1914) Hesperiidae Hesperiinae Synapte silius (Latreille, [1824]) Hesperiidae Pierinae Pyrgus communis (Grote, 1872) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Achlyodes mithridates thraso (Hubner, [1807]) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Antigonus erosus (Hubner, [1812]) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Antigonus nearchus (Latreille, [1817]) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Astraptes anaphus (Cramer, 1777) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Astraptes fulgerator (Walch, 1775) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Astraptes talus (Cramer, 1777) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Autochton neis (Geyer, 1832) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Autochton zarex (Hubner, 1818) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Bungalotis midas (Cramer, 1775) Hesperiidae Pyrginae Burca sp.
These versions, from the first century BC and later, ultimately rely on sources contemporary and near-contemporary to Alexander himself (late fourth / early third century BC), such as Callisthenes, used by Aristobulus and Ptolemy, in their turn the principal sources of Arrian; and Onesicritus and Nearchus, used by Cleitarchus, who again served as source for the so-called 'vulgate' authors, Diodorus, Curtius and Trogus / Justin.