Nebuchadnezzar

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Nebuchadnezzar

(nĕb'əkədnĕz`ər), d. 562 B.C., king of Babylonia (c.605–562 B.C.), son and successor of Nabopolassar. In his father's reign he was sent to oppose the Egyptians, who were occupying W Syria and Palestine. At Carchemish he met and defeated (605 B.C.) Pharaoh NechoNecho
, 609–593 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, 2d ruler of the XXVI dynasty, the son and successor of Psamtik and grandson of Necho, lord of Saïs. Necho took advantage of the confusion that followed the fall of Nineveh (612) to invade Palestine and Syria, both of which
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, thus becoming the undisputed master of Western Asia. The sudden death of his father caused Nebuchadnezzar to return home to safeguard his inheritance, permitting Necho to escape to Egypt with part of his army. Three years later (601 B.C.) Necho defeated Nebuchadnezzar in battle. This event may have encouraged the revolt of JudahJudah,
in the Bible, the southern of the two kingdoms remaining after the division of the kingdom of the Jews that occurred under Rehoboam. The northern kingdom, Israel, was continually at war with Judah.
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 under JehoiakimJehoiakim
, in the Bible, king of Judah, son of Josiah. On Josiah's death his son Jehoahaz became king. However, Pharaoh Neco II dethroned him and set up another of Josiah's sons, Eliakim, who took the name Jehoiakim.
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. Jehoiakim died shortly after the siege began and was succeeded by his son, Jehoiachin. In Mar., 597 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar crushed the revolt and carried off the young Jehoiachin and many of his nobles to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar then placed the puppet king ZedekiahZedekiah
, in the Bible. 1 Last king of Judah. He was the third son of Josiah to occupy the throne, the others being Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim. Zedekiah, whose name was originally Mattaniah, succeeded Jehoiachin.
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 on the throne of Judah. A new revolt occurred (588–587 B.C.) in Judah. After a siege of about a year, Jerusalem was finally destroyed in 586 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar was a splendid builder, and BabylonBabylon
, ancient city of Mesopotamia. One of the most important cities of the ancient Middle East, it was on the Euphrates River and was north of the cities that flourished in S Mesopotamia in the 3d millennium B.C.
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 with its hanging gardens was then the greatest city of the ancient world. However, Babylon was shortly to fall under conquest when NabonidusNabonidus
, d. 538? B.C., last king of the Chaldaean dynasty of Babylonia. He was not of Nebuchadnezzar's family, and it is possible that he usurped the throne. He was absorbed in antiquarian and religious speculations, and he built temples while the state was left undefended.
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 was king. The book of Daniel depicts Nebuchadnezzar as a conceited and domineering king and tells of his going mad and eating grass. He is also called Nebuchadrezzar or Nebuchodonosor.

Bibliography

See G. R. Tabouis, Nebuchadnezzar (1977).

Nebuchadnezzar

 

(Nabu-kudurri-usur). In Babylon:

Nebuchadnezzar I. King from 1124 to 1103 B.C.

Near the city of Der, Nebuchadnezzar I won a major victory over the Elamites, who had been carrying out raids on Babylon. Babylon flourished for a short time during his reign.

Nebuchadnezzar II. King from 605 to 562 B.C. Son of Nabopolassar.

Nebuchadnezzar II took command of Babylon’s army in 607. After ascending the throne in 605, he soundly defeated the Egyptians near Carchemish (Syria), capturing Syria and Palestine. In 601 he led his forces to the borders of Egypt, and in the ensuing battle both sides suffered heavy losses. In 599 he reorganized the army, and in 598 led a campaign into northern Arabia. In 597 he seized Jerusalem and took more than 3,000 Jewish captives. In 587 (or according to other sources, 586) he again seized and destroyed Jerusalem, which had revolted; he abolished the Kingdom of Judah, which he turned into a Babylonian province, and took more than 9,000 of the country’s inhabitants into captivity.

Babylon flourished economically and culturally during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II. There was a good deal of construction (including, in particular, the Tower of Babel and the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon), and strong fortifications were erected around the city.

M. A. DANDAMAEV

Nebuchadnezzar

(d. 562 B.C.) subjugated Jews, initiating Babylonian captivity (597–5 B.C.). [O.T.: Daniel 1:1–2]

Nebuchadnezzar

Babylonian king, plunders Jerusalem; carries people into exile. [O.T.: II Kings 24:10–16]

Nebuchadnezzar

, Nebuchadrezzar
Old Testament a king of Babylon, 605--562 bc, who conquered and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Jews to Babylon (II Kings 24--25)
References in periodicals archive ?
22) In England, some remnant of the episode is found in all four of the surviving biblical cycles, although the prophecy of Nebuchadnezzar does not appear in any of them.
Why did the residents of Donington choose to perform the miracle of Nebuchadnezzar and the fiery furnace at this particular time and in this particular place?
In terms of the plot of the lost play itself, it would not be too difficult to see Edward vi as a kind of Nebuchadnezzar redux, a powerful monarch who insisted on public displays of devotion to a new faith.
Although the nature of that earlier performance is unknown, the content of the story of Nebuchadnezzar and the Three Hebrew Children seems to be appropriate subject matter for a traditional parish play in this part of rural England.
The use of a blazing furnace which cannot consume a body that has been cast into it by a group of tormentors, the miraculous appearance of an image within the flames, the concluding sermon, and the conversion of the erstwhile torturers are elements that obviously recall major motifs in the Nebuchadnezzar story, suggesting that in the two plays one can perhaps see the mutual use of theatrical conventions that were common to the East Midlands.
Yet as we have also seen, the Nebuchadnezzar story undeniably has other features that also would have made it topically resonant during the early Elizabethan period.
It then remains to ask how the Donington play of Nebuchadnezzar and the Hebrew Children fits into the pattern of parish-sponsored traditional drama in Lincolnshire.
Clearly, the Donington play of Nebuchadnezzar and the Hebrew Children would have been no exception to this general rule.