Necho II

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Necho II


Egyptian pharaoh from 609 to 595 B.C.

Necho II continued the policies of his father, Psamtik I and encouraged the growth of foreign trade, relying chiefly on the services of Greek merchants and mercenaries and of Phoenician shipowners. According to Herodotus, Phoenician seamen completed the first circumnavigation of Africa, a journey lasting three years, on Necho’s orders. During his reign, a canal was constructed linking the Nile with the Red Sea. Necho II subjugated Syria and the Kingdom of Judah but after the defeat at Carchemish in 605 was driven out of these lands by King Nebuchadnezzar II.


Kienitz, F. K. Die politische Geschichte Ágyptens vom 7 bis zum 4 Jahrhundert vor der Zeitwende. Berlin, 1953.
References in periodicals archive ?
Beale believes it was Egyptian King Necho II who had commissioned Phoenician seafarers to sail around Africa in 600 B.
Another key event and date is the Battle of Carchemish in 605, when the Babylonians crushed the ambitions of the Egyptian Pharaoh Necho II and were thereafter clearly the dominant power in the region.
In 609, Pharaoh Necho II marched an Egyptian force to the aid the remnant of Assyria and contain the Medes and Scythians.
In 605, Pharaoh Necho II marched toward the Euphrates River and was countered by a Babylonian force commanded by Nabopolassar's son Nebuchadnezzar.
33 Necho II, who according to Herodotus ordered the first successful circumnavigation of Africa by sea, ruled which ancient power?
Why did Necho II kill Josiah and in what circumstances?
After the death of Josiah, his successor Jehoahaz was arrested at the headquarters of Necho II at Riblah in northern Syria and deported to Egypt.
The enmity between Egypt and Kush continued during the days of Necho II (610-595), Psammetichus I's successor (Junge 1987: 66-67; Jansen-winkeln 1989: 31; Lloyd 2000: 84), and culminated in the days of Psammetichus II.
King Necho II of Kemet ordered his naval commanders and astrologers to circumvent the African continent as far back as 600 BC.