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musical instrument invented in the 1840s by Adolphe Sax. Although it uses the single reed of the clarinet family, it has a conical tube and is made of metal. By 1846 there was a double family of 14 saxophones, seven in F and C for orchestral use and seven in E flat and B flat for bands. The latter are by far most common today, the alto, tenor, and baritone being used most frequently. The saxophone has a powerful tone, between woodwind and brass in quality and blending well with both. Valuable to bands and occasionally used in the orchestra, it is now best known for its extensive use in dance and jazz music. It has a small serious solo literature. All saxophones except those in C are transposing instrumentstransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a wind instrument, invented by A. Sax. It is made of brass in the shape of a parabolic tube and has a beak-shaped mouthpiece with a single reed. The saxophone family normally numbers seven members, ranging from the sopranino to the contrabass. One of the basic instruments of the jazz ensemble, it is also used in brass bands, as well as in music-hall and symphony orchestras. The saxophone is also played as a solo instrument.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Vertex-fed linear array antenna giving a cosecant-squared radiation pattern.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a keyed wind instrument of mellow tone colour, used mainly in jazz and dance music. It is made in various sizes, has a conical bore, and a single reed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
I use the neckstrap provided, and with my Nikon rangefinder, I use the Nikon Neoprene Case, the best case design I've found.
I may lengthen my stirrups a few more holes, I may keep a finger permanently in the neckstrap, and it is highly possible I may find my first grey hair.
"He seems to just perch on them and hang very tight to the neckstrap. But he is very strong, very aggressive, and a born winner.
The reins, kept together by the Irish martingale (or 'rings') were still round Mandarin's neck, and they, together with the thick neckstrap of the breast girth, were Winter's only hand-hold.
"I'm going to have to get him over the next fence," was Thorntonis first thought - almost certainly prefixed by an inner obscenity - but over it he got and, keeping Kingscliff in a steady rhythm and using the horse's neckstrap as an impromptu rein, he continued to negotiate fence after fence, bend after bend.
Left without steering or brakes after his outside rein snapped at Ascot, Thornton gave an exemplary display of how to guide a spring-heeled chaser almost solely off the neckstrap. It took skill, nerve and confidence.
"I couldn't possibly pull him up, as it was the wrong rein which broke, so I held on by the neckstrap and he carried me around.
It took all of Dettori's strength and skill, not to mention the help of a crossed noseband and a neckstrap, to anchor Carry On Katie and prevent her leaving her race behind on the journey down.